Pomerania is a region with a very diversified lie of the land and a varied landscape. The numerous hills in Kashubia, Kociewie, and the seaside belt, are fine places to admire the Pomeranian panoramas. Besides natural observation points, the region also has a number of observation towers and other places that provide breathtaking views.
One of Pomerania’s distinctive traits is its lighthouses. Located nearly right by the sea, their original functions are navigational, but most of them are available to visitors, which make them great tourist attractions and wonderful vantage points. There are 10 such structures in the Pomeranian Voivodeship.
In the Pomeranian Voivodeship you can find numerous towers and observation points, which perfectly present the diversity of the region’s landscape. It is worth going to Gniewin to climb the Kashubian Eye (Kaszubskie Oko) and to Władysławowo to reach the tower of the Fisherman’s House (Dom Rybaka). The observation platforms in Wdzydze Kiszewskie, at the peaks of Wieżyca, Pachołek and Lemana Mountain near Bytów, are only a few of the places from which stretch the vast panoramas of the land.
Due to the differences in elevation, Pomerania is also rich in natural panorama.. Some of them are marked, others hidden and known only to the most ardent hikers.
The seaside belt has no shortage of spots offerring outstanding observation opportunities. The Czołpińska, Lubiatowska, and Łącka dunes in the Słowiński National Park and Libek Mountain in Kuźnica are places from which we can admire the beauty of the Baltic sea. The coastal cliff is also a magnificent creation of nature, which is excellent as a natural observation point. The most popular cliff is obviously in Gdynia Orłowo, From its peak you can see the bay and beaches in Orłowo and Sopot.
Owing to the characteristic rugged terrain found in the Kashubia Lake District, this area is full of spots to admire the scenic Kashubian lakes from above. The most interesting and the best available are the observation points located along the Kashubian Road or in its vicinity: Sobótka in Ręboszewo, Jastrzębia Mountain in Ostrzyce, Tarnowa Mountain near Chmielno and Złota Góra, with a well-developed observation platform.
Tri City also abounds in numerous natural and man-made vantage points. The most popular of these in the centre of Gdynia is Kamienna Góra. From the well-developed and aesthetically-pleasing peak of the mountain, there stretches a view over the representative part of the city, i.e. the south pier with a large section of the bay, the yacht harbour, the Dar Pomorza ship, and the famous Sea Towers building, while the other side of the mountain provides a panorama of the Gdynia city centre.
In Sopot, Łysa Góra is a popular leisure spot – besides being a ski run, it also serves as a panorama. In good weather you can see the tower of St. Mary’s Church in Gdańsk. A slightly less popular observation point is Wzniesienia Strzeleckie located near the Forest Opera (Opera Leśna). Both spots are situated on the hiking trail of foxes, also called the observation points trail.
Two wonderful observation points are located in the Gdańsk Grodzisko. At the top of Gradowa Mountain there soars an imposing millenium cross, placed in 2000 on the occasion of the 2000th anniversary of Christianity and 1000th anniversary of Gdańsk, and an observation platform. It is without doubt the best observation point in Tri City, which covers almost the entire Gdańsk city centre with the Old and Main Town and the shipyard areas. Grodzisko also houses another observation point, the so-called Napoleon’s Table (Stół Napoleona). According to legend, it was from this place that Napoleon led his army in 1807 during the siege of Gdańsk. To commemorate this event a monument in the shape of a table with a map of Gdańsk, and the cap and cloak of the emperor, was placed under a small apple tree. Interesting panoramas also stretch out from the Żubr and St. Gertrude’s bastions in the Gdańsk Lower Town.
Kamienna Góra in Gdynia
This one of the most interesting districts of the city in terms of architecture and landscape is fully covered by heritage protection.
The area of Kamienna Góra (Stone Hill) was part of the Gdynia village, and, along with it, was attached to the monastery in Kartuzy. During the Prussian partition it was let to German settlers and in the early 19th Century received the name of Steinberg. In 1920, on the initiative of Ryszard Gałczyński the Steinberg land was purchased and given to the First Polish Sea Bathing Society to build a resort there. The Society had plans of establishing a culture and leisure centre similar to Zakopane. At first, the hill was named Kamieniec Pomorski, which was to recall the famous Polish writer Sienkiewicz's Kamieniec Podolski and constitute a bulwark of Polish identity in the north.
In the 1920s and 30s, as Gdynia developed, villas started appearing in the Kamienna Góra area. Initially, the villas were Renaissance Revival and Baroque Revival, in the style of Polish manors. They were low houses decorated with columns and porticoes, with Polish hip roofs. All this changed completely in the 1930s and the emergence of a new style in architecture, Modernism, which introduced simple, geometrical forms. Houses built in the 1930s feature no ornamentation, are plain and very often have streamlined elements, which were associated with the sea. Houses in both the old and new styles can still be seen during a stroll around Kamienna Góra, many of them renovated. Kamienna Góra was an exclusive residential district before and after WWII and not much has changed ever since.
Example villas from the 1920s built in the style of Polish manors include: the "Henryka" (8 Sędzickiego St.), "Nasz domek" (5 Sienkiewicza St.), "Poznanianka" (16 Sędzickiego St.), and "Szumka" (37 Sienkiewicza St.). The building of the "Polskarob" company (8/10 Korzeniowskiego St.), the twin villa on 25/25a Korzeniowskiego St. and the villa on 1a Sieroszewskiego St. represent the Modernism style of the 1930s.
Besides the preserved villas, Kamienna Góra features an observation spot which rewards the visitor a view of the city, its harbour and the Gdańsk Bay. The square includes a 25-metre Cross placed there in the 1990s and a monument to the Defenders of the Coast of 1939.