Opened and modern, marked by the history. Welcome to Gdansk.

Despite the fact, the city is over one thousand years old, it impresses with modernity. Proud from its incredibly rich history, opened to the world and the future. With the view to the Baltic Sea, Motlawa River, Tricity Landscape Park. With the Westerplatte Peninsula, where WWII began, September 1 1939, the former Gdansk Shipyard areas  and the historical gate no 2, the Gradowa Hill and the Vistulamouth Fortress, with its history form Napoleon times. Gdansk – the city at Motlawa River. A fantastic place to live, work and progress. The biggest city in the Northern part of Poland and one of its kind in the world.

Situated at the Baltic Bay, with the access to sandy beaches, which in Springs and Summers are full of life. Surrounded by picturesque forests of the Tricity Landscape Park and the close vicinity of Kashuby region. Gdansk is one of the most interesting cities on the map of Poland. It fascinates not only with the landscape but  with the history too.. This is here, where starting from the Golden Gate to the Green Gate, Polish kings walked and greeted the citizens. This is here, where on the Long Market stands the Arthur’s Court and the Neptune Fountain – symbols of Gdansk.

There are more of those symbols. One of them I also, situated at the Long Embankment, the Crane, the biggest and the oldest, preserved port cranes from medieval Europe, a construction which from XV c. gave a dynamic growth to the port of Gdansk.

Gdansk is the city where famous astronomer, John Hewelius was born, the great physician, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit and the philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer. This is the place, where Polish soldiers from Westerplatte bravery defended the state, when Schleswig-Holstein, the III Reich battle ship in 1939 attacked Polish Military Transit Depot, and started WWII. This is the place, where at Gdansk Shipyard, in 1980 workers started famous straik which triggered slow stream of changes in Poland and Central – Eastern part of Poland.

Europejskie Centrum Solidarności w Gdańsku

The European Solidarity Centre, Fot. Pomorskie.Travel

The most interesting attractions in Gdansk

Today, Gdansk is described as the city of freedom and Solidarity. About the history of the trade unions, called “Solidarity”, we can learn more about visiting the unique in the international scale European Solidarity Centre. Extremely original when architecture is concerned (in a shape of a ship), shows the exhibition about the Solidarity movement and is a place of many cultural events.

Lech Walesa, the first leader of the trade unions, “Solidarity”, the former President of Poland and the laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize, has his office here as well.

From the European Solidarity Centre, situated in the former shipyard areas it is not far to the WWII Museum. This is the newest and the most modern museum in the city, built in a big scale. It tells the story about the war in a wide international context.

Gdansk is also a fine place, not only for history lovers, but also for the ones, Who like astronomy and general science. There is Hewelianum Centre situated in a former napoleon’s fort. In one of Gdansk district, called Wrzeszcz, there is a monumental building of Gdansk Technical University, one on the best technical school in Poland.

Talking about Gdansk, we cannot forget about the parks – beautiful and cameral Orunia Park and the unique and vary popular park in Oliwa, which is situated few steps from the XIV c. Cathedral.

The Gdansk Shakespeare Theatre, Fot. Dawid Linkowski

Those are just few, the most characteristic places on the map of this over half million city. Gdansk is the city that all the times develops, where new objects of culture appear, like the Shakespeare Theatre, sport objects (the football stadium in Letnica, which has an amber shape), as well as new and modern infrastructure objects – for example: the port and the container terminal, the airport, which in becoming one of the most important airport around the Baltic states.

Gdansk is a modern city which attracts young people and with its history and tradition elder generations. Gdansk is a city which joins. 

 

Check attractions and points of interest in the vicinity of Gdansk in Sopot or Gdynia.

St. Mary’s Church

St. Mary’s Church

     The largest church in Gdańsk, and also in Poland, and the biggest brick church in the world, St. Mary’s Church is a special place not only due to its size, but due to the centuries of history which are enclosed inside it. 

St. Mary's Church in Gdańsk, properly called the Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, is the finest historical building in Gdańsk. It took 159 years to construct this giant, in phases according to the growing technical possibilities and the wealth of the church community. The interiors of the church is big enough for at least 20 thousand persons. It does not, however, reflect the needs of the times of its construction but more of a demonstration of wealth, as the total number of Gdańsk's residents was only twice as many as the capacity of the church. The huge construction made of dark red brick rises over the sea of house roofs and the bulky 78-metre-high tower with its flat roof is the highest building in Gdańsk. Looking at Gdańsk's panorama it is difficult not to compare the church to a large ship floating on the ocean waves.


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The church was erected as catholic. From the first half of the 16th Century to 1945 it served evangelicals, and they left the most interesting elements of interior decoration well furnished with gothic altars and paintings. The church which survived the wartime demolition of the historical centre of Gdansk, has lost most of its embellishments, so it seems quite empty, but also impressive with the size of its aisles and regular white pillars and ceilings.


Despite substantial losses during the war a collection of gothic altars can be seen in St. Mary's Church, with the main golden altar in the centre depicting the coronation of St Mary and many biblical scenes. The astronomical clock located in the northern transept is very impressive, being a piece of art and a monument to medieval technique. It was renovated over ten years ago and brought back to its old glory. Stories about the grudge of its creator and the curse on anybody trying to mend it can be heard next to the clock. The 'Beautiful Madonna' is irresistible and has to be admired as a late Gothic statue of a golden-haired and slightly smiling mother with a small child in her arms. As the legend says, the statue was created over one night in a prison cell by a sculptor's apprentice who was sentenced to death unjustly and then miraculously saved from the persecution.


The St. Mary's Church, the Crown of Gdańsk, is a place capturing history, memories of the previous residents and great pieces of art. Its interiors, chilly even during the hottest sommer days, attracts visitors to step in and reflect on the past existence and the passing of time, as well as the old masters' craft.