The Northern Kaszuby. The sea side in the Kashubian version.

From Hel through Wladyslawowo till Bialogora. From Puck through Wejherowo till Sierakowice. The Northern Kaszuby along with the Landscape Seaside Park, it is a region which has a lot to offer. Opened to the Baltic Sea, friendly with Gdansk Bay, full of seaside landscapes and green hill. The Northern Kaszuby is one of the most popular touristic destination in Poland. Each year there are thousands of tourists coming here.

There is no reason to be surprised. The access to the sea it is a great advantage of the Northern Kaszuby. The touristic, as well as historical, architectural and cultural advantage  too.

The Hel Peninsula

The Hel Peninsula is unique in a European scale. Surrounded by the Baltic Sea and the Baltic Bay in the narrowest point, between Chalupy and Kuznica it is only 150 m wide! It is 34 km long and is curved at the end, looking like a scythe, Hel Peninsula is  a very divisive area when nature is concerned. There are pine forests, sand dunes and headlands here. Ornithologists appreciate different bird species flying over the peninsula and the biologists investigate the porpoises and the seals in the area.

The Hel Peninsula, Fot: Pomorskie.travel

Hel Peninsula is a currently is a tourist attraction for those who like sunbathing, water sports and cycling. Big hotel and gastronomy facilities invites the tourists, as well as the clean beaches of Jastarnia or Jurata, Wladyslawowo, Karwia or Jastrzebia Gora. We can also find old wooden fishermen huts there – who were leaving, heading to the sea at the dawn. The lighthouses were showing them the way. The most famous is the one in Rozewie and the most beautiful in Stilo, near Sasin. Despite the fact, the fisherman boats are now more modern, we can still see the old fishing boat, called “Pomeranka” in the Fishing Museum in Hel. We shall find boats all along the sea shore. Form Wladyslawowo through the charming Jastrzebia Gora, where You can see the cliff, Karwia, till Debki, Piasnica and Bialogora.

  Beach near to Choczewo, Fot: UG Choczewo

Visiting the Nothern Kashuby we cannot miss Puck. It is a charming small town with the market square and the pier, from which there is a wonderful view to the , so called “Little sea”, as Kashubians called the Baltic Bay. Close by there is a Pomeranian Cistercian Trail and many small villages with typical local architecture . Most of the houses are typical wooden black and white constructions. Near the roads there are small chapels and road crosses, passing them we should stop and cross oneself.

Wejherowo and around

When talking about the spiritual issues, it is also worth going to the sanctuary in Swarzewo and the calvary in Wejherowo. “The Kashubian Jerusalem”, this is how people call the third oldest calvary in Poland. This place is visited by thousands of people every year.

The Northern Kashuby, it is also Zarnowiec with the Benedictine Abbey. Historians stress, that is it this region where sisterhoods (along with the Norbertine, also  Benedictine), in medieval age times developed the tradition of kashubian embroidery. If You prefer legends You should visit Gniewino, with their big Stolems, the giants, who love Kashubian bread with lard.

 Calvary in Wejherowo Fot. Pomorskie.travel

The Northern Kashuby, those are also castles and mansions situated deeper in the region. Visiting the are You should definitely stop at Krokowa Castle, where duke von Krockow lived, Palace in Ciekocinko, where along with the great restaurant You will also find a stud farm, Wieniawa Palace in Rekowo or a mansion in Salino.

The Northern Kashuby, called “Norda” is a region which fascinate not only during summer time. Kashubian people invite during the Fall or Winter time, when there are less tourists, the landscapes, looking the same but with a different shape and the Kashubian food a  bit heavier and more tasty. 

Discover attractions in the Northen Kashuby

When you visiting Kashuby, it's worth visiting the Tricity, historical Gdansk, modernist Gdynia and spa in Sopot.

Maszoperia

Maszoperia

     Water, fishing boats, fishnets, fish – these are inherent elements of every Kashubian’s life. For many of them, the maritime tradition is their whole life Many generations of fishermen fished together. Father went fishing with son, grandfather with grandson…. there was no other way.
Fishing existed in Hel 2500 years BC. For the inhabitants of the peninsula in those times, fishing and sealing were their basic occupationa and the way of living and gathering food for their families. According to the Kashubians, during certain holidays there was an obligation of fasting and abstinence, during which only bread, vegetables and fish were allowed.


The fishermen went to the sea or to the bay in rowing boats, which only allowed a limited range of fishing. The development of boat construction techniques in numerous boatbuilding workshops resulted in the creation of "pomeranki", the boats that allowed further expeditions. A large number of sailors, located on a small coastal area, began to form maszoperias, associations of fishermen working in the same boat, led by the shipper. Trap net teams, the divers, went together to fish for cod, salmon or eel, and then divided the catch among themselves according to their shares in the maszoperia. The fishing teams exchanged their fishing areas once a year. Each member of the maszoperia (maszop) guarded his team against possible fraud by the buyers, whichis why nobody really knew who belonged to which maszoperia and where they were located. The shipper's post was inherited and passed from father to son. Among the shippers duties was not only dividing the profits, but also taking care of the widows and orphans who had lost their loved ones to the sea, and of the old fishermen, who were no longer able to work.


Several times a year, the maszoperias met in the shipper's house (chëcza), for celebrations related to the sea. In the Feast of the Three Kings there was an event called "maszopsko", during which there was the sewing of the fishnets (zszywiny niewodu). This event aimed to conclude the past year and officially commence a new fishing season. During the maszopsko, there was the consecration of the fishnets made by the maszops in their huts during the harsh winter.


The maszops eagerly awaited St. Gregory's Day (12 March), as it was the official commencement of the salmon fishing season. At the sunrise, on the sea shore, the fishnets were consecrated. The first blessed fishnet was thrown by the shipper with maszops. The captain not only took care over the quality of the sewing and the size of the nets, but he also guarded his maszoperia against witchcraft, which is why he interwove red ribbons onto each of the four corners of the web. At that moment, the period of intensive work in the sea began.