Dunes, palaces and amazing nature. We visit the Lebork Land.

A bit of history, lots of monuments and lots of nature. Lebork Land located between Wejherowo and Slupsk is an area where it is worth staying for longer. There is a lot of medieval history in Lebork, and Leba is an invitation to a unique meeting with the nature of the Slowinski National Park and a real seaside phenomenon - moving dunes.

Lebork Land, as the name suggests, first invites you to its largest city,  Lebork. The history of the village situated along the Pomorskie Way of St. James, takes us back to medieval times and is associated with the activities of the Teutonic Order. When visiting Lebork, it is impossible not to pay attention to the fourteenth-century defensive walls and towers. These are the remains of old, over 1200-meter-long fortifications. In the area you will also find the remains of the former Teutonic castle with towers and the 14th-century complex, which was once the seat of the Teutonic mayor.
The most important monument in the city is the Sanctuary of St. James, whose construction was completed in 1345, and till today impresses with, among others 18th century ivory tabernacle. The Gothic brick church is the seat of the Franciscan monastery and is located on the pilgrimage route to the Spanish Santiago de Compostela. Leaving Lebork, it is worth going North, towards the Baltic Sea and the enchanted world of the Slowinski National Park.
 

Palaces and nature reserves
Before we reach Leba, we pass through the "palace" village of Wicko. The palace in Poraj, over 100 years old, inscribed on the list of monuments, the palace in Charbrow from 1660 or the 16th century palace in Nowecin are examples of magnificent, dignified architecture from years ago. But Wicko and its surroundings are also very green areas. Along the Slowinski Coast you can admire Lebsko, the third largest lake in Poland and the Leba Spit, which separates it from the sea through a thin land line. There are nature reserves here, led by the Sarbska Mierzeka separating the Sarbsko Lake from the Baltic Sea.
You can find moving dunes here, the height of which can reach even 24 m above the sea level.

Walking down the dunes
The northern part of the Lebork Land is primarily the Slowinski National Park. A paradise for nature lovers, lakes, peat bogs, forests, meadows, flora and fauna. A paradise for those who want peace and quiet, want to breathe fresh sea air, feel the breeze from the Baltic Sea. The Slowinski National Park consists of moving dunes and many interesting facts that you can explore on your own or with a guide. One of the curiosities is the fact that until the dunes cover themselves with vegetation, they move in accordance with the rhythm of the blowing wind. Walking on the dunes (only on the routes marked by the employees of the Slowinski National Park!) Sometimes resembles a trip around the desert. The fact that we are at the seaside and not on hot sands reminds us of the wind, which constantly comes from the Baltic Sea.

The best starting point for walks on the dunes and the Slowinski National Park is Leba. It's a small coastal town with great infrastructure. You will find hotels, guesthouses, apartments, restaurants, cafes here. Leba enchants with its location: from the north it opens to the Baltic Sea, from the east it borders with the Sarbsko Lake, and from the west it envelops the Lebsko Lake and the Slowinski National Park.

Although today Leba is primarily a destination for tourists and nature lovers, one should not forget that it is also an old port, fishing centre and marina. In spring and summer, Leba offers a number of attractions for children and adults. In Leba You find a sand dune, a park, but also a beautiful, wide beach, on which we lounger until sunset.

Lębork

Lębork

     Lębork is a District town of medieval origins, the establishment of which is related to the Teutonic Order. Lębork’s showcase is St. Jacob’s Sanctuary, constituting part of the cultural route called the Pomeranian Way of St. Jacob and the recently-revitalised 14th-Century defensive walls and towers. In recent years, the town’s attractiveness has increased significantly, and so tourists visit Lębork more often.
Lębork's main pedestrian track and most representative street is Staromiejska Street, with 19th- and 20th-Century tenements. Numerous shops, cafes and restaurants. Staromiejska Street is connected with the former old market place, currently Peace Square (Plac Pokoju). Unfortunately, the historic architecture did not live through the last war. The brick shape of St. Jacob's gothic church, erected in the 14th and 15th Centuries, is well visible from the square. A characteristic element of the architecture is the huge tower, ending with a-richly ornamented stepped peak. The interior of the church is filled with Baroque altars, a Rococo pulpit, and a valuable 18th- and 19th-Century ivory tabernacle.


In the vicinity of the church there are also beautifully-reconstructed elements of medieval defensive structures. In the 14th Century, Lębork was surrounded by an over-1200-metre ring of defensive walls with gates and towers. Significant parts of the defensive structures remain to this day, in the sequence of walls and towers, including the best-preserved angled Ivy Tower (Baszta Bluszczowa). Revitalisation also encompasses three towers with an exhibition and cultural purpose. In the South-East corner of the wall ring, on Przyzamcze Street, there is the former complex of the Teutonic Castle. This splendid building, dating back to the 14th Century, used to be the Teutonic Commune Head headquarters. Unfortunately, numerous redevelopments effaced the stronghold's original character. Currently, the court and public prosecutor's office are located in this massive building. Only the granary and mill has remained of the original castle complex.


Nearby, in the tenement on Młynarska Street, there is the Museum in Lebork. One of the most popular exhibits is the disc for long distance image transmission, constructed by Lębork's citizen, Paul Nipkow. This epoch-making invention of 1884 was the original version of today's television. Thus, Lebork is often called the Birthplace of Television.


Among other interesting buildings in Lębork, it is worth pointing out the Neo-Gothic town hall, the post office, the Magdalińskich Brewery (Browar Magdalińskich) and the Bismarck Tower (Wieża Bismarcka) erected on the Park Mountain (Góra Parkowa).