Opened and modern, marked by the history. Welcome to Gdansk.
Despite the fact, the city is over one thousand years old, it impresses with modernity. Proud from its incredibly rich history, opened to the world and the future. With the view to the Baltic Sea, Motlawa River, Tricity Landscape Park. With the Westerplatte Peninsula, where WWII began, September 1 1939, the former Gdansk Shipyard areas and the historical gate no 2, the Gradowa Hill and the Vistulamouth Fortress, with its history form Napoleon times. Gdansk – the city at Motlawa River. A fantastic place to live, work and progress. The biggest city in the Northern part of Poland and one of its kind in the world.
Situated at the Baltic Bay, with the access to sandy beaches, which in Springs and Summers are full of life. Surrounded by picturesque forests of the Tricity Landscape Park and the close vicinity of Kashuby region. Gdansk is one of the most interesting cities on the map of Poland. It fascinates not only with the landscape but with the history too.. This is here, where starting from the Golden Gate to the Green Gate, Polish kings walked and greeted the citizens. This is here, where on the Long Market stands the Arthur’s Court and the Neptune Fountain – symbols of Gdansk.
There are more of those symbols. One of them I also, situated at the Long Embankment, the Crane, the biggest and the oldest, preserved port cranes from medieval Europe, a construction which from XV c. gave a dynamic growth to the port of Gdansk.
Gdansk is the city where famous astronomer, John Hewelius was born, the great physician, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit and the philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer. This is the place, where Polish soldiers from Westerplatte bravery defended the state, when Schleswig-Holstein, the III Reich battle ship in 1939 attacked Polish Military Transit Depot, and started WWII. This is the place, where at Gdansk Shipyard, in 1980 workers started famous straik which triggered slow stream of changes in Poland and Central – Eastern part of Poland.
The European Solidarity Centre, Fot. Pomorskie.Travel
The most interesting attractions in Gdansk
Today, Gdansk is described as the city of freedom and Solidarity. About the history of the trade unions, called “Solidarity”, we can learn more about visiting the unique in the international scale European Solidarity Centre. Extremely original when architecture is concerned (in a shape of a ship), shows the exhibition about the Solidarity movement and is a place of many cultural events.
Lech Walesa, the first leader of the trade unions, “Solidarity”, the former President of Poland and the laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize, has his office here as well.
From the European Solidarity Centre, situated in the former shipyard areas it is not far to the WWII Museum. This is the newest and the most modern museum in the city, built in a big scale. It tells the story about the war in a wide international context.
Gdansk is also a fine place, not only for history lovers, but also for the ones, Who like astronomy and general science. There is Hewelianum Centre situated in a former napoleon’s fort. In one of Gdansk district, called Wrzeszcz, there is a monumental building of Gdansk Technical University, one on the best technical school in Poland.
Talking about Gdansk, we cannot forget about the parks – beautiful and cameral Orunia Park and the unique and vary popular park in Oliwa, which is situated few steps from the XIV c. Cathedral.
The Gdansk Shakespeare Theatre, Fot. Dawid Linkowski
Those are just few, the most characteristic places on the map of this over half million city. Gdansk is the city that all the times develops, where new objects of culture appear, like the Shakespeare Theatre, sport objects (the football stadium in Letnica, which has an amber shape), as well as new and modern infrastructure objects – for example: the port and the container terminal, the airport, which in becoming one of the most important airport around the Baltic states.
Gdansk is a modern city which attracts young people and with its history and tradition elder generations. Gdansk is a city which joins.
Gdansk has always been a harbour city and its power derives from its location on the Baltic Sea. Due to the City's wealth and importance it became a key member of the Hanseatic League - the alliance of harbour cities which affected the sea economy of the medieval Europe.
The golden age in Gdansk history was the 16th century and the beginning of 17th century when it was the wealthiest city in the Republic of Poland and one of the wealthiest in Europe. The city's authorities could afford the development of streets, houses and churches. One of the most representative streets of the Main Town is the Long (Długa) Street which becomes the Long Market (Długi Targ), also referred to as the Royal Route (Trakt Królewski). At both of its ends there are especially-decorated gates: the Golden and the Green Gates. The most important buildings of old Gdańsk are located in this street including the City Hall and the Arthus Court. Within a short walk from the Royal Route there are the most important monuments of the city - the Great Armoury, the Crane, and St. Mary's Church, the biggest brick church in the world.
The dynamic growth of the city was broken by wars which occurred in Poland in the 16th and 17th Centuries and caused the collapse of the country and the city. Gdansk lost its significance after being taken over by Prussia. Before WWII it had the status of a Free City which was meant to help in the growing conflicts between Polish and German residents. On 1 September 1939 the city witnessed the outbreak of WWII and was heavily devastasted during the war. 90% of the city centre, including its most precious part - the Main Town, was ruined.
After the war the slow process of Gdansk's reconstruction started. The most important monuments were rebuilt with much effort. The country was run by communists at the time. The harbours of Gdańsk and Gdynia hosted the strikes against the communist regime. In December 1970 riots started and more than ten Gdańsk residents were killed. Ten years later in August 1980 Solidarity was created in the Gdańsk Shipyard, led by Lech Wałęsa, the future Nobel Prize laureate and president of Poland. Soon the famous August Treaty was signed, which legalised the Solidarity. The introduction of martial law did not stop the "snowballing mechanism" of Solidarity. In 1989 the Round Table talks took place and in the next year the opposition had its victory as a result of a democratic election.
Nowadays Gdańsk is one of the main cities in Poland, dynamically growing and remembering its past. It is a place for those who want to feel the history, those who want to explore the past in perspective. Also those who like spending their holiday in the city and enjoy sunbathing on the beach should find Gdansk a perfect destination.
The Gdansk Water Supply Trail
Beach offer of the Tri-City
St. Mary’s Church
Wrzeszcz. A story about Gdansk from years ago.
Gdansk Lower City
Zaspa- A block that became an art gallery
The Gdańsk Brewing Tradition
Maritime Tradition and the Hanseatic League
The Main Town of Gdansk
The Royal Route
The Famous Gdańsk Residents