Opened and modern, marked by the history. Welcome to Gdansk.
Despite the fact, the city is over one thousand years old, it impresses with modernity. Proud from its incredibly rich history, opened to the world and the future. With the view to the Baltic Sea, Motlawa River, Tricity Landscape Park. With the Westerplatte Peninsula, where WWII began, September 1 1939, the former Gdansk Shipyard areas and the historical gate no 2, the Gradowa Hill and the Vistulamouth Fortress, with its history form Napoleon times. Gdansk – the city at Motlawa River. A fantastic place to live, work and progress. The biggest city in the Northern part of Poland and one of its kind in the world.
Situated at the Baltic Bay, with the access to sandy beaches, which in Springs and Summers are full of life. Surrounded by picturesque forests of the Tricity Landscape Park and the close vicinity of Kashuby region. Gdansk is one of the most interesting cities on the map of Poland. It fascinates not only with the landscape but with the history too.. This is here, where starting from the Golden Gate to the Green Gate, Polish kings walked and greeted the citizens. This is here, where on the Long Market stands the Arthur’s Court and the Neptune Fountain – symbols of Gdansk.
There are more of those symbols. One of them I also, situated at the Long Embankment, the Crane, the biggest and the oldest, preserved port cranes from medieval Europe, a construction which from XV c. gave a dynamic growth to the port of Gdansk.
Gdansk is the city where famous astronomer, John Hewelius was born, the great physician, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit and the philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer. This is the place, where Polish soldiers from Westerplatte bravery defended the state, when Schleswig-Holstein, the III Reich battle ship in 1939 attacked Polish Military Transit Depot, and started WWII. This is the place, where at Gdansk Shipyard, in 1980 workers started famous straik which triggered slow stream of changes in Poland and Central – Eastern part of Poland.
The European Solidarity Centre, Fot. Pomorskie.Travel
The most interesting attractions in Gdansk
Today, Gdansk is described as the city of freedom and Solidarity. About the history of the trade unions, called “Solidarity”, we can learn more about visiting the unique in the international scale European Solidarity Centre. Extremely original when architecture is concerned (in a shape of a ship), shows the exhibition about the Solidarity movement and is a place of many cultural events.
Lech Walesa, the first leader of the trade unions, “Solidarity”, the former President of Poland and the laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize, has his office here as well.
From the European Solidarity Centre, situated in the former shipyard areas it is not far to the WWII Museum. This is the newest and the most modern museum in the city, built in a big scale. It tells the story about the war in a wide international context.
Gdansk is also a fine place, not only for history lovers, but also for the ones, Who like astronomy and general science. There is Hewelianum Centre situated in a former napoleon’s fort. In one of Gdansk district, called Wrzeszcz, there is a monumental building of Gdansk Technical University, one on the best technical school in Poland.
Talking about Gdansk, we cannot forget about the parks – beautiful and cameral Orunia Park and the unique and vary popular park in Oliwa, which is situated few steps from the XIV c. Cathedral.
The Gdansk Shakespeare Theatre, Fot. Dawid Linkowski
Those are just few, the most characteristic places on the map of this over half million city. Gdansk is the city that all the times develops, where new objects of culture appear, like the Shakespeare Theatre, sport objects (the football stadium in Letnica, which has an amber shape), as well as new and modern infrastructure objects – for example: the port and the container terminal, the airport, which in becoming one of the most important airport around the Baltic states.
Gdansk is a modern city which attracts young people and with its history and tradition elder generations. Gdansk is a city which joins.
The Last Judgment ("Sąd Ostateczny") by Hans Memling
The painting was commissioned at the end of 15th century to Hans Memling, one of the most recognized artists of the times, living in Bruges, today's Belgium. It was intended to be placed in the altar of one of the churches in Florence. After it was finished the painting was packed along with many precious goods and placed on a ship sent on a long trip round Europe to Italy. The ship was due to stop in London and was directed there by the captain. There was a war between the Hanseatic League and England which took place mainly on the the waters of English Channel. Gdańsk was very active in that war and England was scared of its ships. Pawel Beneke, a privateer from Gdańsk, well known across Europe, who was in charge of a ship Peter von Danzig (St.Peter of Gdansk), caught up with the ship carrying the precious cargo at the mouth of the Thames. After a hard battle the ship from Gdańsk won and, the loot was amazing. After exchanging most of the goods for money and having paid his team the victorious privateer came back to Gdańsk. One of the co-owners of the ship donated the precious and troublesome triptych to St. Mary's Church and hence the painting sent to Florence ended up in Gdańsk. It decorated the splendid interiors of St. Mary's Church recalling the history of the proud City and the great achievements of its sailors.
Triptych depicts the last judgement in a very persuasive way. It shows the weighing of deeds, the division into redeemed and and condemned ones, some people ascending to heaven and some being cast into hell.
The trip from Bruges to Italy which ended in Gdańsk was not the only trip of the triptych. At the beginning of the 19th century it was stolen by the French and taken to the Louvre by them, then evacuated west by the Germans at the end of WWII but taken over by the Red Army and for a longer period it was became a part of the art collection of Petersburg. Previously this was dreamed of by Czar Peter I, who could not force Gdańsk to donate the painting. Upon the return of the painting it was not put back into St. Mary's Church but sent to the then Pomeranian Museum, now known as the National Museum in Gdańsk.
The story of the painting and of the people related to it could be used as a script for a fine movie. The painting itself, full of symbols and strong messages, encourages reflection on the human condition and provokes admiration for its creator. A full description in words is impossible - the painting has to be seen! There is a copy of the painting in St. Mary's Church, but however good it is, the original painting by Memling located in the National Museum in Gdańsk should be seen in its full glory next to other exhibits reflecting the history of art in Gdańsk.
Wrzeszcz. Opowieść o Gdańsku sprzed lat
A gdyby tak wejść w inne przestrzenie? Gdański Szlak Wodociągowy (GSW) – przestrzenie zmysłów
Zaspa- A block that became an art gallery
Gdańskie Dolne Miasto
The Gdańsk Brewing Tradition
Maritime Tradition and the Hanseatic League
The Main Town of Gdansk
The Royal Route
The Famous Gdańsk Residents
The Last Judgment ("Sąd Ostateczny") by Hans Memling