The Northern Kaszuby. The sea side in the Kashubian version.
From Hel through Wladyslawowo till Bialogora. From Puck through Wejherowo till Sierakowice. The Northern Kaszuby along with the Landscape Seaside Park, it is a region which has a lot to offer. Opened to the Baltic Sea, friendly with Gdansk Bay, full of seaside landscapes and green hill. The Northern Kaszuby is one of the most popular touristic destination in Poland. Each year there are thousands of tourists coming here.
There is no reason to be surprised. The access to the sea it is a great advantage of the Northern Kaszuby. The touristic, as well as historical, architectural and cultural advantage too.
The Hel Peninsula
The Hel Peninsula is unique in a European scale. Surrounded by the Baltic Sea and the Baltic Bay in the narrowest point, between Chalupy and Kuznica it is only 150 m wide! It is 34 km long and is curved at the end, looking like a scythe, Hel Peninsula is a very divisive area when nature is concerned. There are pine forests, sand dunes and headlands here. Ornithologists appreciate different bird species flying over the peninsula and the biologists investigate the porpoises and the seals in the area.
The Hel Peninsula, Fot: Pomorskie.travel
Hel Peninsula is a currently is a tourist attraction for those who like sunbathing, water sports and cycling. Big hotel and gastronomy facilities invites the tourists, as well as the clean beaches of Jastarnia or Jurata, Wladyslawowo, Karwia or Jastrzebia Gora. We can also find old wooden fishermen huts there – who were leaving, heading to the sea at the dawn. The lighthouses were showing them the way. The most famous is the one in Rozewie and the most beautiful in Stilo, near Sasin. Despite the fact, the fisherman boats are now more modern, we can still see the old fishing boat, called “Pomeranka” in the Fishing Museum in Hel. We shall find boats all along the sea shore. Form Wladyslawowo through the charming Jastrzebia Gora, where You can see the cliff, Karwia, till Debki, Piasnica and Bialogora.
Beach near to Choczewo, Fot: UG Choczewo
Visiting the Nothern Kashuby we cannot miss Puck. It is a charming small town with the market square and the pier, from which there is a wonderful view to the , so called “Little sea”, as Kashubians called the Baltic Bay. Close by there is a Pomeranian Cistercian Trail and many small villages with typical local architecture . Most of the houses are typical wooden black and white constructions. Near the roads there are small chapels and road crosses, passing them we should stop and cross oneself.
Wejherowo and around
When talking about the spiritual issues, it is also worth going to the sanctuary in Swarzewo and the calvary in Wejherowo. “The Kashubian Jerusalem”, this is how people call the third oldest calvary in Poland. This place is visited by thousands of people every year.
The Northern Kashuby, it is also Zarnowiec with the Benedictine Abbey. Historians stress, that is it this region where sisterhoods (along with the Norbertine, also Benedictine), in medieval age times developed the tradition of kashubian embroidery. If You prefer legends You should visit Gniewino, with their big Stolems, the giants, who love Kashubian bread with lard.
Calvary in Wejherowo Fot. Pomorskie.travel
The Northern Kashuby, those are also castles and mansions situated deeper in the region. Visiting the are You should definitely stop at Krokowa Castle, where duke von Krockow lived, Palace in Ciekocinko, where along with the great restaurant You will also find a stud farm, Wieniawa Palace in Rekowo or a mansion in Salino.
The Northern Kashuby, called “Norda” is a region which fascinate not only during summer time. Kashubian people invite during the Fall or Winter time, when there are less tourists, the landscapes, looking the same but with a different shape and the Kashubian food a bit heavier and more tasty.
Discover attractions in the Northen Kashuby
The peninsula itself (called by locals Hel scythe) was created by sea currents, combining many scattered islands into one entity. Today Hel is located about 1,5 km to the east of the original location of the city. Old Hel received city rights in 13th century from the Duke of Pomerania Svietopelk II, but the forces of nature meant that at the beginning of 15th century began the construction of a new settlement in the current location. Today it is very difficult to find any traces of the original city, so the oldest history of Hel remains the historical archaeological mystery.
The oldest monument of Hel is the post-evangelical, Gothic church, picturesquely situated near the harbor and the promenade. The former temple does not perform the functions of worship today but is the Museum of Fisheries and operates as a branch of the National Maritime Museum in Gdansk. Impressively arranged exhibitions present the rich history of fishing in the Baltic Sea. In the old church tower there is a vantage point from which you can admire the magnificent panorama of the Hel harbor with the famous "Hel egg", numerous fishing boats and yachts. One of the latest tourist proposals of Hel serving to attract diving enthusiasts is a boat wreck named "Breeze", which was sunk in the harbor specifically for diving.
In the vicinity of the port runs Wiejska street, considered one of the most beautiful streets in the tourist towns located on the Polish Baltic coast. It is there that survived numerous timbered and brick fishing cottages that once formed a unique development of the Kashubian village. Today, there is a whole host of restaurants, bars, cafes and shops, where tourists can enjoy traditional cuisine and buy souvenirs.
Due to its strategic location, Hel and its surroundings in 1936 were considered Hel Fortified Region. Construction of the port of war in 1928, and fortifications lasted until the outbreak of World War II. Hel remained the longest strip of defending free Poland whose crew surrendered just 2nd October. On the pages of history there is a record of 32 days of defense of Hel, sinking of the largest ships - the destroyer "Wicher" and minelayer "Gryf" in the port of Hel by German bombers, artillery duels of the famous 31stHeliodor Laskowski battery commanded by Cpt. Zbigniew Przybyszewski , or blowing up the lighthouse. The hostilities of World War II left around here many traces in the form of impressive military facilities that can be enjoyed today. It is said that the headland of Hel is a paradise for lovers of militaria.
The most impressive building from that period is the artillery position of the battery Schleswig-Holstein with a caliber of 406 mm. It is the largest coastal artillery battery in the world, considered one of the most valuable monuments of this kind in our country. The battery is a property of the Museum of Coastal Defense, the only one of its kind of a museum run by enthusiasts of Hel military. In addition, for exploration there are available H. Laskowski battery and a tower rangefinder. In the surrounding woods there can be found numerous shelters, bunkers, elements of the Permanent Artillery Battery, and other militaria.
As every decent maritime city, Hel has a lighthouse located near the headland. It is over 41 m high red tower, built in 1942 in almost the same place as the destroyed one by the Polish army in 1939, the first Hel lighthouse of 1826.
Another attraction for tourists visiting Hel, especially for children, is famous seal nursery, or Marine Station of the Institute of Oceanography at the University of Gdansk. Although sealarium enjoys great popularity among the visitors, it is a research institution which presents the life our offshore friendly seals. Twice a day, at 11.00 and 2.00 p.m. they can be seen during feeding , and all the time you can watch seals playing variety of games and activities in the pools.
Hel is without a doubt one of the most attractive tourist resorts on the Baltic coast. Everyone will find something for everyone: a beautiful beach, are monuments of the military, yacht harbor, lighthouse and many other interesting places that attract tourists for decades.
How does a lighthouse work? "We are here so that this lantern never goes out"
Hel Peninsula. Between the sea and the bay
Co o Kaszubach turysta wiedzieć powinien
Wielkanoc na Kaszubach
The Calvary church of Wejherowo