Slupsk Land. Where history meets modernity 

Open to the Baltic Sea, decorated with the picturesque Slupia River, with numerous monuments of the city of Slupsk, examples of classic wooden constructed houses and evidence of progressive hydrotechnical thought, the Slupsk Land is an extremely attractive area of Pomorskie region It is worth staying here for longer.

The region's largest city, as the name suggests, is Slupsk. It is a city that is over 700 years old and is proudly dominated by the Gothic Pomorskie Dukes' Castle with the restored Richter's granary, a mill and the Mill Gate. The history of Slupsk dates back to the formation of the Polish state. It was here that the Gryfit family ruled, whose memory is still alive in the historic walls of the city. Numerous monuments (along with the castle, there is also the town hall with magnificent stained glass windows) make Slupsk a city frequented visited by tourists.

Not everyone knows that it is in Slupsk, in the mentioned above Pomorskie Dukes' Castle, that the world's largest collection of paintings by avant-garde artist Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz is located. The Central Pomorskie Museum gathered over a quarter of a thousand portraits, paintings and drawings by Witkacy.

Kolekcja prac Witkiewicza w Muzeum Pomorza Środkowego, fot. pomorskie.travel

There are also those who do not know that it is in Slupsk, in the department store building at Plac Zwyciestwa, that there is a real technical monument - the oldest elevator in Europe.

Seaside attractions
If you ask about the coastal attractions of the Slupsk region, there is only one answer: Ustka. It is a beach resort that is teeming with life in spring and summer. The beach in Ustka is a paradise for those who care about the proximity of the city and great infrastructure (eastern beach) and for those who want to calm down and peace (western beach) lying on the sand.

Ustka is also a health resort where cardiological and rheumatological diseases are treated. Brine and peat found in this area is a natural remedy for many ailments. Ustka has also great restaurants, there are summer concerts, walks along the sea. There is a lighthouse in Ustka that is over 100 years old, is still shining. The lighthouse in nearby Czolpino and the Stilo lighthouse, which is considered to be one of the most charming in the whole of Pomorskie region, is also worth Your attention.

Latarnia morska w Ustce, fot. pomorskie.travel

However, the Slupsk region is not only the Baltic Sea. It is also the Slupia River with the Papal Canoe Trail commemorating the water expedition of Karol Wojtyla from 1964. The trail is almost as long as the river itself, and its passage provides unusual sensations, both sport and aesthetic. It is worth emphasizing that part of the Slupia River Valley is a beautiful landscape park with numerous species of flora and fauna, as well as, on the other hand, an example of technical progress. It was here at the beginning of the 20th century that hydroelectric power plants were erected, which, still operating, are open to visitors. Those interested in this type of attraction will certainly be interested in the fact that the Zarnowiec Hydroelectric Power Plant, the largest pumped storage power plant in Poland, is also nearby.

Historic pearls of the region
Characteristic black and white country houses. White, because painted with lime. Black because with beams covered with tar. This is how traditional houses of the Slupsk region looked (and still look). Lots of them here, especially in the area of ​​Swolowo. It is not without the reason that this area is called the Checkered Land. Well-preserved examples of wooden house construction are the reason why Swolowo was baptized with the name of the European Village of Cultural Heritage. The Pomorskie Folk Culture Museum in Swolowo takes care that the rich Pomorskie peasant's barn, bread house, and cottage of the farmer continue to be attractive for Guests.

 

After a visit to the Pomorskie farms of rich peasants, it is worth going to Kluki, where the Museum of the Slovinian Village is located. This is a unique open-air museum, where you can see how the Slovinians, the indigenous people of this land, lived here 200 years ago. We visit cottages with well-maintained, though modestly arranged rooms, home gardens, fishing huts, necessary in the vicinity of the lakes Gardno and Lebsko. Finally, we will eat wafers, baked on the spot according to ancient recipes.

It is worth ending your visit to the Slupsk region with a concert. Yes, at the Charlotta Valley complex in July and August each year there is a Festival of rock Legends, a unique musical feast for all lovers of the best music!

 

The hydroelectric power plants on the Słupia and the Łupawa

The hydroelectric power plants on the Słupia and the Łupawa

The Słupia and the Łupawa are gorgeous rivers occasionally flowing through truly pristine areas, fascinating tourist trails for canoeists, and also very busy rivers. For more than one hundred years, their waters, set to work by man, have produced environmentally-friendly electrical energy.

Central Pomerania's tourist attractions include the hydroelectric power plants on the Słupia and the Łupawa, as well as their tributaries. The oldest of them date back to the 19th Century, such as the Struga Power Plant, established in 1896 on the Słupia, where the original water turbine is still working, making it the oldest active hydroelectric power plant in the world. The Gałąźnia Mała hydroelectric power plant, built in the early 20th Century, once the largest such structure in northern Europe and a model for similar facilities, is considered the most beautifully-located of these. Very often the places in which the power plants operate have a long history of using the energy from flowing water for human purposes. This is the case at least with the Skarszów Dolny power plant, located by the Skotawa, a tributary of the Słupia, which originally featured a water-propelled paper mill on the foundations of which now stands the building of the power plant.

Nine of these power plants operating in the region have been made available to tourists. You can visit all Słupia's hydro plants and three on the Łupawa. The fascinating technical solutions of the plants themselves, as well as their accompanying hydrotechnical structures such as weirs, canals, dams, and pipelines, enjoy great popularity among tourists, particularly canoeists, who gladly turn their heads from the slightly monotonous beauty of the landscape to take a look at historic power generation technologies. The hydro plant in Gałąźnia Mała is considered the most interesting from the tourist point of view, which, besides the operating power equipment, features an exhibition that shows the development of hydrotechnical thought and the various applications that man has invented to take advantage of flowing water.

The hydroelectric power plants on the Słupia and the Łupawa are well worth visiting, if only to learn that using renewable energy sources is by no means an invention of our time.