Opened and modern, marked by the history. Welcome to Gdansk.
Despite the fact, the city is over one thousand years old, it impresses with modernity. Proud from its incredibly rich history, opened to the world and the future. With the view to the Baltic Sea, Motlawa River, Tricity Landscape Park. With the Westerplatte Peninsula, where WWII began, September 1 1939, the former Gdansk Shipyard areas and the historical gate no 2, the Gradowa Hill and the Vistulamouth Fortress, with its history form Napoleon times. Gdansk – the city at Motlawa River. A fantastic place to live, work and progress. The biggest city in the Northern part of Poland and one of its kind in the world.
Situated at the Baltic Bay, with the access to sandy beaches, which in Springs and Summers are full of life. Surrounded by picturesque forests of the Tricity Landscape Park and the close vicinity of Kashuby region. Gdansk is one of the most interesting cities on the map of Poland. It fascinates not only with the landscape but with the history too.. This is here, where starting from the Golden Gate to the Green Gate, Polish kings walked and greeted the citizens. This is here, where on the Long Market stands the Arthur’s Court and the Neptune Fountain – symbols of Gdansk.
There are more of those symbols. One of them I also, situated at the Long Embankment, the Crane, the biggest and the oldest, preserved port cranes from medieval Europe, a construction which from XV c. gave a dynamic growth to the port of Gdansk.
Gdansk is the city where famous astronomer, John Hewelius was born, the great physician, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit and the philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer. This is the place, where Polish soldiers from Westerplatte bravery defended the state, when Schleswig-Holstein, the III Reich battle ship in 1939 attacked Polish Military Transit Depot, and started WWII. This is the place, where at Gdansk Shipyard, in 1980 workers started famous straik which triggered slow stream of changes in Poland and Central – Eastern part of Poland.
The European Solidarity Centre, Fot. Pomorskie.Travel
The most interesting attractions in Gdansk
Today, Gdansk is described as the city of freedom and Solidarity. About the history of the trade unions, called “Solidarity”, we can learn more about visiting the unique in the international scale European Solidarity Centre. Extremely original when architecture is concerned (in a shape of a ship), shows the exhibition about the Solidarity movement and is a place of many cultural events.
Lech Walesa, the first leader of the trade unions, “Solidarity”, the former President of Poland and the laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize, has his office here as well.
From the European Solidarity Centre, situated in the former shipyard areas it is not far to the WWII Museum. This is the newest and the most modern museum in the city, built in a big scale. It tells the story about the war in a wide international context.
Gdansk is also a fine place, not only for history lovers, but also for the ones, Who like astronomy and general science. There is Hewelianum Centre situated in a former napoleon’s fort. In one of Gdansk district, called Wrzeszcz, there is a monumental building of Gdansk Technical University, one on the best technical school in Poland.
Talking about Gdansk, we cannot forget about the parks – beautiful and cameral Orunia Park and the unique and vary popular park in Oliwa, which is situated few steps from the XIV c. Cathedral.
The Gdansk Shakespeare Theatre, Fot. Dawid Linkowski
Those are just few, the most characteristic places on the map of this over half million city. Gdansk is the city that all the times develops, where new objects of culture appear, like the Shakespeare Theatre, sport objects (the football stadium in Letnica, which has an amber shape), as well as new and modern infrastructure objects – for example: the port and the container terminal, the airport, which in becoming one of the most important airport around the Baltic states.
Gdansk is a modern city which attracts young people and with its history and tradition elder generations. Gdansk is a city which joins.
A geologist, when asked about amber, would say it is a fossilised tree resin from the trees which grew in the pre-glacial era on the terrains of today's Scandinavia. A large river which flowed over the area now covered by the Baltic Sea moved amber from the north to the areas of today's southern sea coasts. Chemists or physicists will describe the unusual features of amber, which is not much heavier than water so it flows in a salt solution, has strong electrostatic properties and produces a nice smell when burned. A historian or archaeologist would note that amber has been present in the history of the Baltic coast since the first humans appeared there. However, no scientist is able to explain the magic of amber, which has always affected people's imagination.
Since the first notions of the Gdańsk area in written historical sources the presence of amber prevails. It was the reason for the Romans' to enterprise expeditions on the famous Amber Road. Illegal possession of amber at the times of the Teutonic Knights inflicted capital punishment. Jewellers could make real masterpieces of art in amber, which today is one of the commercial and tourist attractions of Gdańsk.
The natural history of amber and the role it played in the local culture is presented in the Museum of Amber located in the Prison Tower, in front of the gate leading to the Long (Długa) Street. It is one of the most interesting museums in the region, which depicts the history of amber, and its outstanding exhibits, including a real rarity - a specimen of a lizard captured in the resin, as well as the amber's presence in history, medicine, magic and the masterpieces of the amber craftsmen of Gdańsk, past and contemporary. The Archaeological Museum on St. Mary's (Mariacka) Street has also an impressive fine collection of amber. A huge amber monstrance the St. Brigit's church is very impressive, as well as the unfinished amber altar there. The closest contact with the beauty of amber in various styles, shapes and sizes and prices is guaranteed by Gdańsk street stalls, hundreds of workshops and amber shops scattered around the historical centre of the town. The most patient ones can challenge their luck on the sea shore, particularly after storms, where gems of various sizes can be found in the sand.
Various types of amber can be found all over the world. However, there is no other place where it is so beautiful in its magic variety as at the Baltic Sea. Gdańsk, the world capital of amber, has to be visited by those who want to find out about amber as an element of multi-century culture, and experience its magical and natural values.
Wrzeszcz. Opowieść o Gdańsku sprzed lat
A gdyby tak wejść w inne przestrzenie? Gdański Szlak Wodociągowy (GSW) – przestrzenie zmysłów
Zaspa- A block that became an art gallery
Gdańskie Dolne Miasto
The Gdańsk Brewing Tradition
Maritime Tradition and the Hanseatic League
The Main Town of Gdansk
The Royal Route
The Famous Gdańsk Residents
The Last Judgment ("Sąd Ostateczny") by Hans Memling