Powisle. The kingdom of plumps and the Teutonic castles.

Situated on the east coast Powisle is at the bored of two vaivodeships:  Pomeranian and Warmian-Mazurian.  Luckily for the Pomeranian, in its borders there are many lakes, rivers and forests full of beautiful walking paths.  Those who love history and architecture will come to Powisle to visit the castles, fortresses and crypts, which there are quite a lot of them.

Powisle is situated in the area of Lower Vistula , which is the land of beautiful landscapes and quite complicated history. This land changed its nationality many times and finally became part of Pomerania and Poland.

Flavours of Powisle

Powisle is rich with lakes and rivers. There are also forests here, which are an excellent palace for strolling and active way of spending time. There are also quite a lot of farming areas, which especially in the Spring time create charming panoramas and orchards with apples, pears and plumps. Those are the plumps that locals farmers are so proud of. The plump of Powisle is a rarity and the good of the region. The most famous plump is from the Neborowo Wielkie. It is used for  a classical plump jam and the tincture, which is the hallmark of the region.

  Fot: http://arabiasaudyjska-ksa.blogspot.com

Powisle is appreciated not only for its geographical location and features. This is the land where there are two artefacts from the Teutonic times.

Powiśle - what's worth seeing?

First, let’s go to Kwidzyn, called the capital of the Lower Powisle. Over the city, situated at the Liwa river, there is a castle of the wormer chapter house of the Pomesanians. The castle was modelled on the other Teutonic castles from the region. The castle was built in XIII/XIV c. and during its golden age it was the centre of the religious and political – administrative life. The most characteristical feature of the castell in, so called  “Gdanisko”, the tower emerging form the castle walls. It was connected with the rest of the castle with the corridor supported on brick arcades. It looks really spectacular and visiting Kwidzyn You have to drive down Gdanska Street, beneath the arcades. Visiting the city, it is worth looking at the former. Medieval, brick city walls from XIV c. , four-storey granary, brick granary from XVIII and the crypt of the three Grand Masters of the Teutonic Order in the St. John Evangelist Cathedral.

Castle in Kwidzyn, fot: pomorskie.travel

Sztum, situated at the two lakes: Sztumskie and Barlewickie is another stop while visiting the region. Sztum is famous not only due to its beautiful location at the two lakes but because of its history so much joined with the Teutonic Order. This was the place where in XIV c. Teutons built the defensive fortress, which became the sit of the mayor. The fortress was built from the field stones and the bricks, due to that it lasted till today. Now, it is a part of the Castle Museum in Malbork. There is also a Sztum Land Gild, so the knight tradition is still alive in the city.

Driving around Sztum, it is worth to see Waplewo Wielkie, to see the Sierakowski Palace. This place, during the difficult times of XIX c. was the centre where Polish tradition, culture and language was cultivated. There were many Polish aristocrats, artists, poets and writers coming here.

The Sierakowski Palace in Waplewo Wielkie, fot: M. Michalska

In Prabuty, on the other hand, almost at the border of the Pomeranian and the Warmian-Mazurian vaivodeships, it is worth visiting the underground waterworks route. The corridors under the Old Town were built around XVIII due to many dangerous fires.

Powisle, during the day full of charm, in the evenings, mysterious. Who knows, maybe in the former Teutonic castle, there are still some ghosts of the Grand Masters?

The Crypt of Teutonic Grand Masters in Kwidzyn

The Crypt of Teutonic Grand Masters in Kwidzyn

The Crypt of Teutonic Grand Masters, at St. John the Evangelist Cathedral in Kwidzyn, was opened to tourists on 31 July 2010. Three years earlier, the only remains of Grand Masters were found to rest here.
Archeological research began in the Kwidzyn cathedral in 2007 on the initiative of curate Rev. Ignacy Najmowicz and Bogumił Wiśniewski, an employee of the local Town Hall. The work was supervised by Dr. Antoni Pawłowski. To everyone's surprise, instead of the tomb of blessed Dorothea of Montau, the archeologists discovered a crypt with three coffins.
A thorough study showed this was the resting place of three Grand Masters of the Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem, closely connected with Pomeranian history - Werner von Orseln, Ludolf Koenig von Wattzau Heinrich von Plauen. To date, this has been the only grave site of the Teutonic high commanders ever discovered.
Werner von Orseln became the Komtur of Malbork Castle in 1314. Ten years later he was elected Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, a position he held until his sudden death on 18 November 1330 when he was murdered by Jan von Endorf, an obscure Teutonic knight. This unexpected tragedy came as a shock to almost the whole of Europe. Rumours had it that the assassination could have been connected with the Templars' treasure...
In the eight years that passed since von Orseln's death, Ludolf Koenig von Wattzau became the Komtur in Malbork, and four years later, in 1342, was elected Grand Master. He relinquished the office in 1345, suffering from a mental disorder. Upon taking the command of Pokrzywna, he allegedly recovered, but died shortly thereafter - in 1347 or 1348.
Heinrich V von Plauen entered the office of Grand Master after the death of Ulrich von Jungingen at the Battle of Grunwald. During his tenure, from 1410 to 1413, von Plauen led the defence of the Malbork fortress besieged by the Polish army under King Władysław Jagiełło.
According to legend, von Plauen prayed for help to Blessed Dorothy, who promised him that the Poles would not seize the castle. This favour, however, required a price the Grand Master had to pay.
After von Plauen's death, his body would not be rested in the Malbork stronghold, and the tomb would be concealed for six centuries (he died in 1429). The renewed burial ceremony was to be participated in by von Plauen's successor as Grand Master...