Slupsk Land. Where history meets modernity
Open to the Baltic Sea, decorated with the picturesque Slupia River, with numerous monuments of the city of Slupsk, examples of classic wooden constructed houses and evidence of progressive hydrotechnical thought, the Slupsk Land is an extremely attractive area of Pomorskie region It is worth staying here for longer.
The region's largest city, as the name suggests, is Slupsk. It is a city that is over 700 years old and is proudly dominated by the Gothic Pomorskie Dukes' Castle with the restored Richter's granary, a mill and the Mill Gate. The history of Slupsk dates back to the formation of the Polish state. It was here that the Gryfit family ruled, whose memory is still alive in the historic walls of the city. Numerous monuments (along with the castle, there is also the town hall with magnificent stained glass windows) make Slupsk a city frequented visited by tourists.
Not everyone knows that it is in Slupsk, in the mentioned above Pomorskie Dukes' Castle, that the world's largest collection of paintings by avant-garde artist Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz is located. The Central Pomorskie Museum gathered over a quarter of a thousand portraits, paintings and drawings by Witkacy.
Kolekcja prac Witkiewicza w Muzeum Pomorza Środkowego, fot. pomorskie.travel
There are also those who do not know that it is in Slupsk, in the department store building at Plac Zwyciestwa, that there is a real technical monument - the oldest elevator in Europe.
If you ask about the coastal attractions of the Slupsk region, there is only one answer: Ustka. It is a beach resort that is teeming with life in spring and summer. The beach in Ustka is a paradise for those who care about the proximity of the city and great infrastructure (eastern beach) and for those who want to calm down and peace (western beach) lying on the sand.
Ustka is also a health resort where cardiological and rheumatological diseases are treated. Brine and peat found in this area is a natural remedy for many ailments. Ustka has also great restaurants, there are summer concerts, walks along the sea. There is a lighthouse in Ustka that is over 100 years old, is still shining. The lighthouse in nearby Czolpino and the Stilo lighthouse, which is considered to be one of the most charming in the whole of Pomorskie region, is also worth Your attention.
Latarnia morska w Ustce, fot. pomorskie.travel
However, the Slupsk region is not only the Baltic Sea. It is also the Slupia River with the Papal Canoe Trail commemorating the water expedition of Karol Wojtyla from 1964. The trail is almost as long as the river itself, and its passage provides unusual sensations, both sport and aesthetic. It is worth emphasizing that part of the Slupia River Valley is a beautiful landscape park with numerous species of flora and fauna, as well as, on the other hand, an example of technical progress. It was here at the beginning of the 20th century that hydroelectric power plants were erected, which, still operating, are open to visitors. Those interested in this type of attraction will certainly be interested in the fact that the Zarnowiec Hydroelectric Power Plant, the largest pumped storage power plant in Poland, is also nearby.
Historic pearls of the region
Characteristic black and white country houses. White, because painted with lime. Black because with beams covered with tar. This is how traditional houses of the Slupsk region looked (and still look). Lots of them here, especially in the area of Swolowo. It is not without the reason that this area is called the Checkered Land. Well-preserved examples of wooden house construction are the reason why Swolowo was baptized with the name of the European Village of Cultural Heritage. The Pomorskie Folk Culture Museum in Swolowo takes care that the rich Pomorskie peasant's barn, bread house, and cottage of the farmer continue to be attractive for Guests.
After a visit to the Pomorskie farms of rich peasants, it is worth going to Kluki, where the Museum of the Slovinian Village is located. This is a unique open-air museum, where you can see how the Slovinians, the indigenous people of this land, lived here 200 years ago. We visit cottages with well-maintained, though modestly arranged rooms, home gardens, fishing huts, necessary in the vicinity of the lakes Gardno and Lebsko. Finally, we will eat wafers, baked on the spot according to ancient recipes.
It is worth ending your visit to the Slupsk region with a concert. Yes, at the Charlotta Valley complex in July and August each year there is a Festival of rock Legends, a unique musical feast for all lovers of the best music!
Kluki was initially called Otok. When it first appeared in written sources, and it was the 17th Century, it consisted of eight farms, of which six belonged to the Kluk family. No wonder then that after some time had passed, the name of most of its residents replaced the original name of the place. People living in the area, the Slovincians, were a Slavonic people who were quickly Germanised due to early German influences. The lack of contact with other Slavonic ethnic groups resulted in a much deeper Germanisation than was the case with the Kashubians. Despite adopting German as their own language, the Slovincians preserved the sense of their own identity and ethnic autonomy until the end. The end came with World War II, and the great movement of people in its aftermath. The inclusion of the areas of today's Central Pomerania into Poland meant that the Slovincians first had to face frequent harassment, and then were left no choice but to emigrate, as they were regarded as Germans, and as such had to leave their small homeland. One of the places that still foster the memory of their presence and special culture is theSlovincianCountryMuseum in Kluki.
On ten hectares, on the site of the former heart of the village, the preserved buildings have been secured, and later added to by buildings moved from other sites. That is how the open-air museum came about, featuring about 20 buildings, including residential houses and outbuildings with a timber-framed structure characteristic of the "Checkered-House Land". The interiors are filled with Slovincian items, so the exhibition also includes equipment and furnishings.
The open-air museum in Kluki is a lively place. Ethnographical events regularly take place here, allowing the tourists not only to see what a Slovincian village once looked like, but to try to form a pot, bake bread, or plait fur. Particularly popular is the yearly "Carne Wesele" (Black wedding), a feast connected with the tradition of peat extraction - once an important resource for the local economy.
Contact with the living heritage of the local culture, local tastes, sounds, and scents, the rich educational package and interesting events - all this awaits the tourist in Kluki and cvan be a great addition to the holiday seaside fun.
The largest exhibition of Witkacy's works is in ... Slupsk!
The Słowiński National Park
How does a lighthouse work? "We are here so that this lantern never goes out"
The Checkered-House Land
Miastko Charming, Colorful, Active
Słupsk, Ustka, Łeba i okolice dla dzieci
The Papal Canoe Trail
Dawny świat w bursztynie zaklęty
The Castle of the Pomeranian Dukes
Fortyfikacje w Ustce
The beaches of Ustka
Słynny pięściarz mieszkał na Ziemi Miasteckiej
Swołowo wyróżnione w konkursie Komisji Europejskiej. „Unikalny obszar kulturowy Pomorza”
The hydroelectric power plants on the Słupia and the Łupawa