Slupsk Land. Where history meets modernity
Open to the Baltic Sea, decorated with the picturesque Slupia River, with numerous monuments of the city of Slupsk, examples of classic wooden constructed houses and evidence of progressive hydrotechnical thought, the Slupsk Land is an extremely attractive area of Pomorskie region It is worth staying here for longer.
The region's largest city, as the name suggests, is Slupsk. It is a city that is over 700 years old and is proudly dominated by the Gothic Pomorskie Dukes' Castle with the restored Richter's granary, a mill and the Mill Gate. The history of Slupsk dates back to the formation of the Polish state. It was here that the Gryfit family ruled, whose memory is still alive in the historic walls of the city. Numerous monuments (along with the castle, there is also the town hall with magnificent stained glass windows) make Slupsk a city frequented visited by tourists.
Not everyone knows that it is in Slupsk, in the mentioned above Pomorskie Dukes' Castle, that the world's largest collection of paintings by avant-garde artist Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz is located. The Central Pomorskie Museum gathered over a quarter of a thousand portraits, paintings and drawings by Witkacy.
Kolekcja prac Witkiewicza w Muzeum Pomorza Środkowego, fot. pomorskie.travel
There are also those who do not know that it is in Slupsk, in the department store building at Plac Zwyciestwa, that there is a real technical monument - the oldest elevator in Europe.
If you ask about the coastal attractions of the Slupsk region, there is only one answer: Ustka. It is a beach resort that is teeming with life in spring and summer. The beach in Ustka is a paradise for those who care about the proximity of the city and great infrastructure (eastern beach) and for those who want to calm down and peace (western beach) lying on the sand.
Ustka is also a health resort where cardiological and rheumatological diseases are treated. Brine and peat found in this area is a natural remedy for many ailments. Ustka has also great restaurants, there are summer concerts, walks along the sea. There is a lighthouse in Ustka that is over 100 years old, is still shining. The lighthouse in nearby Czolpino and the Stilo lighthouse, which is considered to be one of the most charming in the whole of Pomorskie region, is also worth Your attention.
Latarnia morska w Ustce, fot. pomorskie.travel
However, the Slupsk region is not only the Baltic Sea. It is also the Slupia River with the Papal Canoe Trail commemorating the water expedition of Karol Wojtyla from 1964. The trail is almost as long as the river itself, and its passage provides unusual sensations, both sport and aesthetic. It is worth emphasizing that part of the Slupia River Valley is a beautiful landscape park with numerous species of flora and fauna, as well as, on the other hand, an example of technical progress. It was here at the beginning of the 20th century that hydroelectric power plants were erected, which, still operating, are open to visitors. Those interested in this type of attraction will certainly be interested in the fact that the Zarnowiec Hydroelectric Power Plant, the largest pumped storage power plant in Poland, is also nearby.
Historic pearls of the region
Characteristic black and white country houses. White, because painted with lime. Black because with beams covered with tar. This is how traditional houses of the Slupsk region looked (and still look). Lots of them here, especially in the area of Swolowo. It is not without the reason that this area is called the Checkered Land. Well-preserved examples of wooden house construction are the reason why Swolowo was baptized with the name of the European Village of Cultural Heritage. The Pomorskie Folk Culture Museum in Swolowo takes care that the rich Pomorskie peasant's barn, bread house, and cottage of the farmer continue to be attractive for Guests.
After a visit to the Pomorskie farms of rich peasants, it is worth going to Kluki, where the Museum of the Slovinian Village is located. This is a unique open-air museum, where you can see how the Slovinians, the indigenous people of this land, lived here 200 years ago. We visit cottages with well-maintained, though modestly arranged rooms, home gardens, fishing huts, necessary in the vicinity of the lakes Gardno and Lebsko. Finally, we will eat wafers, baked on the spot according to ancient recipes.
It is worth ending your visit to the Slupsk region with a concert. Yes, at the Charlotta Valley complex in July and August each year there is a Festival of rock Legends, a unique musical feast for all lovers of the best music!
Tradition of the region, we visit Pomeranian open air museums
Pomerania is the place with a very rich culture and history as well as unique people. Kashubians, Kociewie people and Low Land people live here. We also have Powisle region, Tucholskie Forests and the Tricity, a big agglomeration. Driving around Pomerania it is worth visiting our open air museums, which bring the whole region history closer.
How people in Pomerania lived? The answer is simple. In many different ways. It depended, where the village was located. Low Land people were mainly farmers. Due to the very fertile soils most of people were working on farms. They grew wheat, vegetables. People who lived in the Northern part of the region, at the Baltic Sea used it and were mainly fisherman and most of their occupations were connected with the sea. Fisherman and craftsmen, who produced boats.
Deeper in the region, in Kashuby the main occupation was farming and fishing due to the good soils and a big number of lakes with many kind of fish and forests with berries and animals to hunt for.
Slavic Village Museum in Kluki, fot. pomorskie.travel
In old times this region was occupied by Pomerania people, big Slavic tribe. They lived in the area of nowadays Gdansk, Starogard Gdanski and Tczew. Anthropologist believe that Pomerania People are ancestors of contemporary Kashubians.
A farming life one hundred, two hundred or five hundred years ago was not easy. Pomerania people led rather simple lives. Having simple tools and clear house responsibilities, they spent their whole day on work.
The former life in a fisherman village we can experience in Slavic Village Museum in Kluki. It is a part of the Middle Pomeranian Museum in Slupsk, where You have ten permanent exhibitions about the everyday life of those people, who were part of Kashubians. The most interesting are their houses and huts, where You can get inside. In the one hundred year old kitchen You can get warm soup or bake some waffles. There are many folk festivals, shows and workshops organised in Kluki.
Swołowo "Kraina w Kratę - The chequered patterned land", fot. M.Bieliński
Near by there is a small but very popular village, Swolowo. It is situated in the centre of the region called “The chequered patterned land”, the area where wooden constructed housed dominate. There is Pomeranian Folk Culture Museum in Swolowo. It is worth getting inside the Albreht’s Farm, typical for XIX c. rich farmer’s house, with a house, an animal shed and a barn. It is worth coming to Swolowo in November during the traditional Pomeranian geese festival.
Slavic settlement in Sławutowo (Osada Sławutowo)
Near Puck, there is Slawutowo. It is an old Slavic settlement with more than 1000 years tradition. Wooden huts with straw roofs and old pottery and people dressed up from the epoque. The Slavic Settlement in Slawutowo shows colourful but primitive middle age times in fortified settlements.
The Slavic Settlement in Slawutowo, fot. Osada Sławutowo
The Owidz settlement (Grodzisko Owidz)
We shall find similar settlement in Owidz where a reconstruction of XII household was made from the times of Polish king - Boleslaw Chrobry ! What We can find here are, the area for animals, the gate tower and so called “stolp”, so last defence tower.
In the Southern part of Kashuby You have to visit Ethnographical Kashubian Park in Wdzydze Kiszewskie, named after Teodora and Izydor Gulgowscy. It is spreads around 22 hectares, where we can really organise time travels. We can find windmills, churches, huts and old style workshops, smithy, schools building and even mansions there. We can visit 50 houses in total from Kashuby and Kociewie region. It is a wonderful experience for those who are interested in architecture which is 100, 200 or even 300 years old.
Owidz Settlement (Grodzisko Owidz), fot. pomorskie.travel
Visiting Pomerania region it is really worth to include open air museums into our program. This time travel for sure will be unforgettable.
Pomorskie in books
The Checkered-House Land
Tradition of the region – open air museums
The largest exhibition of Witkacy's works is in ... Slupsk!
The Słowiński National Park
How does a lighthouse work? "We are here so that this lantern never goes out"
Miastko Charming, Colorful, Active
Słupsk, Ustka, Łeba i okolice dla dzieci
The Papal Canoe Trail
Dawny świat w bursztynie zaklęty
The Castle of the Pomeranian Dukes
Fortyfikacje w Ustce
The beaches of Ustka
Słynny pięściarz mieszkał na Ziemi Miasteckiej