Opened and modern, marked by the history. Welcome to Gdansk.
Despite the fact, the city is over one thousand years old, it impresses with modernity. Proud from its incredibly rich history, opened to the world and the future. With the view to the Baltic Sea, Motlawa River, Tricity Landscape Park. With the Westerplatte Peninsula, where WWII began, September 1 1939, the former Gdansk Shipyard areas and the historical gate no 2, the Gradowa Hill and the Vistulamouth Fortress, with its history form Napoleon times. Gdansk – the city at Motlawa River. A fantastic place to live, work and progress. The biggest city in the Northern part of Poland and one of its kind in the world.
Situated at the Baltic Bay, with the access to sandy beaches, which in Springs and Summers are full of life. Surrounded by picturesque forests of the Tricity Landscape Park and the close vicinity of Kashuby region. Gdansk is one of the most interesting cities on the map of Poland. It fascinates not only with the landscape but with the history too.. This is here, where starting from the Golden Gate to the Green Gate, Polish kings walked and greeted the citizens. This is here, where on the Long Market stands the Arthur’s Court and the Neptune Fountain – symbols of Gdansk.
There are more of those symbols. One of them I also, situated at the Long Embankment, the Crane, the biggest and the oldest, preserved port cranes from medieval Europe, a construction which from XV c. gave a dynamic growth to the port of Gdansk.
Gdansk is the city where famous astronomer, John Hewelius was born, the great physician, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit and the philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer. This is the place, where Polish soldiers from Westerplatte bravery defended the state, when Schleswig-Holstein, the III Reich battle ship in 1939 attacked Polish Military Transit Depot, and started WWII. This is the place, where at Gdansk Shipyard, in 1980 workers started famous straik which triggered slow stream of changes in Poland and Central – Eastern part of Poland.
The European Solidarity Centre, Fot. Pomorskie.Travel
The most interesting attractions in Gdansk
Today, Gdansk is described as the city of freedom and Solidarity. About the history of the trade unions, called “Solidarity”, we can learn more about visiting the unique in the international scale European Solidarity Centre. Extremely original when architecture is concerned (in a shape of a ship), shows the exhibition about the Solidarity movement and is a place of many cultural events.
Lech Walesa, the first leader of the trade unions, “Solidarity”, the former President of Poland and the laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize, has his office here as well.
From the European Solidarity Centre, situated in the former shipyard areas it is not far to the WWII Museum. This is the newest and the most modern museum in the city, built in a big scale. It tells the story about the war in a wide international context.
Gdansk is also a fine place, not only for history lovers, but also for the ones, Who like astronomy and general science. There is Hewelianum Centre situated in a former napoleon’s fort. In one of Gdansk district, called Wrzeszcz, there is a monumental building of Gdansk Technical University, one on the best technical school in Poland.
Talking about Gdansk, we cannot forget about the parks – beautiful and cameral Orunia Park and the unique and vary popular park in Oliwa, which is situated few steps from the XIV c. Cathedral.
The Gdansk Shakespeare Theatre, Fot. Dawid Linkowski
Those are just few, the most characteristic places on the map of this over half million city. Gdansk is the city that all the times develops, where new objects of culture appear, like the Shakespeare Theatre, sport objects (the football stadium in Letnica, which has an amber shape), as well as new and modern infrastructure objects – for example: the port and the container terminal, the airport, which in becoming one of the most important airport around the Baltic states.
Gdansk is a modern city which attracts young people and with its history and tradition elder generations. Gdansk is a city which joins.
The Famous Gdańsk Residents
The obvious fact that Europe ends at the Ural mountains is unquestionable, but only a few know that the estimation of the border between Europe and Asia was made by Philipp Clüver, a geographer from Gdańsk. He established many geographical facts, including areas limited by the Urals from the east, as being part of the European continent.
Another great son of Gdańsk was Hans Hewelke, who named himself Jan Hewelius. Despite he was due to become a merchant, and was a brewer by profession, he is recognised historically as an astronomer. He spent every free moment in his observatory on the roofs of three houses in the Old Town. He examined the Moon, the planets, comets and stars and although his works are not of such fundamental significance as Copernicus', his input to understanding the mechanisms of the universe is quite important.
Daniel Gralath, representing intellectual, political and financial elites, founded the Gdańsk Natural Sciences Society in the 18th century, together with a group of people interested in the latest scientific discoveries. His passion was the latest electricity-related phenomena which he examined. He discovered the electrostatic interactions phenomenon. These were described by him, but he failed to produce a mathematical formula for his theory. This was done later by Charles Coulomb, a French physicist, and this is the sole reason why students learn about the Coulomb and not the Gralath's law.
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, the inventor of the mercury thermometer and the creator of the temperature scale, was born in Gdansk and lived on todays' Ogarna Street. He left the city as a child for the Netherlands and finally settled in the Hague, however Gdańsk remembers him and is proud of his achievements. The Fahrenheit scale, never used in Gdańsk, is still used in some Agnlo-Saxon countries and the guests from these countries are surprised when they realise that Fahrenheit was actually born in the city on Motława.
Artur Schopenhauer, a well-known philosopher, is another famous person who was born in Gdańsk and then left it as a child to develop elsewhere. He was born in a house located on Holy Spirit (Św. Ducha) Street and then emigrated with his parents, who did not want to stay in a city taken over by the Prussian King.
The stormy times of Gdańsk's history produced yet another person recognised in the whole world. Lech Wałęsa, the icon of the Polish 'roads towards freedom', was a leader of the social movement in the 1980's and of the Solidarity trade union. In Gdańsk there are only a few names of its residents whose fame outreached the state borders and time limits but these persons were still all very important to the world.
Wrzeszcz. A story about Gdansk from years ago.
Gdansk Lower City
A gdyby tak wejść w inne przestrzenie? Gdański Szlak Wodociągowy (GSW) – przestrzenie zmysłów
Zaspa- A block that became an art gallery
The Gdańsk Brewing Tradition
Maritime Tradition and the Hanseatic League
The Main Town of Gdansk
The Royal Route
The Famous Gdańsk Residents
The Last Judgment ("Sąd Ostateczny") by Hans Memling