fot. materiały PROT
For the guests of Pomorskie who want to commune with local nature and see its various facets, there await nature trails. Their picturesque paths of various character and level of difficulty have been marked out by experts and connoisseurs of nature, who are familiar with local geography and existing here ecosystems. Pomorskie trails focus on nature wonders located on the terrain of two national parks (Słowiński Park Narodowy and Park Narodowy Bory Tucholskie), 9 landscape parks (Kaszubski [Kashubian], Nadmorski [Coastal], “Dolina Słupi” [“Słupia Valley”], “Mierzeja Wiślana” [“Vistula Spit], “Pojezierze Iławskie” [“Iława Lake District”], Trójmiejski [Tri-City], Tucholski, Wdzydzki and Zaborski), as well as 134 nature reserves.
While following the trails of for example Słowiński Park Narodowy we will get to know, on the one hand, nature-geographical phenomenon of moving dunes, and on the other – spectacular vegetation of pine coniferous forests and peat bogs, as well as bird habitats concentrated in the area of lakes Gardno and Dołgie Duże.
Nature trails of Park Narodowy Bory Tucholskie will allow us to get to know nature phenomena occurring on the meeting point of clear lakes and forests. We will see sites of special species of vegetation (like a twin flower – an example of a glacial relic), we will learn about, among others, the role of insects – bees, ants and sawyers – in the life of forest congeries.
PN Bory Tucholskie Bór chrobotkowy fot. Magdalena Kochanowska
Much to offer have also landscape parks. In Nadmorski Park Krajobrazowy we will see for ourselves what a special kind of a sea coast grand cliffs overgrown with pine coniferous forests are. In Kaszubski Park Krajobrazowy, numerous trails cross the areas of extremely diverse landform, with Raduńskie ribbon lakes, Wzgórza Szymbarskie [Szymbark Hills] or the complex of Lasy Mirachowskie [Mirachowskie Forests]. Local numerous nature reserves protect valuable plant species.
Wdzydzki Park Krajobrazowy Krzyż Jezior Wdzydzkich i Wdzydze fot.Wojciech Zdunek
It is worth to emphasize that one of the main aims of the trails is education, and a part of them is perfect for hikes with kids. “Szlak Alicji w zaczarowanym lesie” [“Alice in an enchanted forest trail”] in Leśny Ogród Botaniczny Marszewo [Marszewo Forest Botanical Garden] on the terrain of Nadleśnictwo Gdańsk [Gdańsk Forest District] is aimed at the youngest visitors. While climbing to the top of the hill, you can get immersed in the world of macroscale to face a gigantic lichen or a tick, but also go through the labyrinth of senses with plants of various smells, shapes and textures, and feel like a giant in the microscale world.
Nadmorski Park Krjobrazowy - Nadmorska sosna fot Jarosław Sitkowski Nadleśnictwo Choczewo
Some of the trails have a very concrete character – for example the nature trail called “Szlakiem troci i łososia” [“following bulltrout and salmon”] in Park Krajobrazowy “Dolina Słupi” puts emphasis on occurring in local reservoirs migratory fish – their biology and fishing importance. In turn, “Kokoszka” trail in Zaborski Park Krajobrazowy has been marked out to present some of the bird species in connection with habitats in which they live. Thanks to the created lookout you can safely observe, among others, a western marsh harrier, sea eagle, grey heron, crane, goldeneye, great reed warbler and many other birds.
Dolina Słupi - materiały Parku Krajobrazowego Dolina Słupi
It is of course only a small snippet of a huge array of interesting corners which create a colourful world of Pomorskie nature. The coasts of the Baltic Sea are connected with slightly different attractions than Kashubian lakes or Żuławy plains, but it is worth to get to know all of the hues of local nature. So let's go!
Wdzydzki Park Krajobrazowy - nature trails
Wdzydze Landscape Park, lake Wdzydze, in the foreground Zabrody peninsula, and on further Kozłowiec peninsula fot.Wojciech Zdunek
Wdzydze, which consists of five lakes connected with one another, and due to its size is often called a Kashubian sea, is without doubt one of the most beautifully located reserves in Poland and the heart of a specially charming area. The lakes are loved by tourists and water sports enthusiasts alike, but also constitute an area of well preserved nature with valuable species of fauna and flora. For many years, the occurrence in the local waters of an endemic type of lake trout, called the Wdzydze trout, has been a mystery for ichthyologists. This and other similar natural treasures are protected by the Wdzydzki Park Krajobrazowy, which covers a total of 53 water bodies and in which there are six attractive nature trails.
The 4-kilometre nature trail called “We Wdzydzach” [“In Wdzydze”] runs north from Wdzydze Kiszewskie, a popular tourist destination. The route will show you the character of the landscape of the park and its natural assets. Along the way, you will visit lakes Jelenie and Niedźwiadek, see characteristic tunnel landforms, cross bog woodland and peat bogs, and also find protected species of moss and lycopods.
A fragment of designed of designed nature reserve "Motowęże" fot. Wojciech Zdunek
The 5-kilometre “W Juszkach” [“In Juszki”] nature trail leads through forest terrain in the area of four unusually clear lakes: Długie, Wielkie Oczko, Głęboczko and Mieliste. During the hike, it is worth paying attention to the characteristic housing of Juszki village, which is inscribed in the register of immovable monuments of the Pomorskie Voivodeship.
The “Szlakiem Pięciu Jezior” [“Following Five Lakes”] trail is 6 kilometres long, and starts and ends in Wąglikowice village. Along the way, as the name suggests, you will see lakes Kramsko Duże, Białe, Kramsko Małe, Miały and Kocełki, as well as the Dębrznica river and a beaver dam created on it. Along the way you will also find, among other things, a “ptasia remiza” [“bird station”], which is a collection of trees and bushes which provide fruit and nectar. These attract insectivorous birds, which protect the forest from pest degradation.
Islands of the Wdzydze lake complex, fot. Wdzydzki Park Krajobrazowy
The “Wokół jeziora Schodno” [“Around Schodno lake”] trail is 8 kilometres long in total and covers a part of the “Dolina Wdy and Trzebiocha” nature reserve planned for this area. You can find here collections of protected plants like marsh tea, heath spotted-orchid, interrupted club-moss or dwarf everlast. The lake in the name of the trail is a habitat for lake trout and many species of water birds. On the water shore there is an observation platform from which birds can be watched in comfortable conditions.
Wdzydze Landscape Park and Wda valley, in the distance Schodno lake fot.Wojciech Zdunek
Near Schodno lake there is another, 3-kilometre long marked trail called “Życie lasu wokół remizy” [“Forest life around the bird station”]. This route runs by Zielona Szkoła in Schodno and is an educational base for workshops for kids and teenagers. One of the points on the trail is a “Żabińskich Błoto” ecological feature that covers an area of a midforest pond that converts to a floating mat. We can find here an educational boardwalk renovated in 2010, a bird station, a feeder and the so-called hydrophytic sewage works in Schodno, which uses hydrophilous plants in purifying processes.
The cross of the Wdzydze lakes, fot. Wojciech Zdunek
The “Wokół jeziora Rzuno” [“Around Rzuno lake”] trail can be found in the Dziemiany area, in a buffer zone of the landscape park. Covering a 3-kilometre route located by the shore of a picturesque and clear lake, you will get to know many fun facts connected with water plants and forest functions, and you will learn about birds, fish, mammals, trees and mushrooms that occur here.