Opened and modern, marked by the history. Welcome to Gdansk.
Despite the fact, the city is over one thousand years old, it impresses with modernity. Proud from its incredibly rich history, opened to the world and the future. With the view to the Baltic Sea, Motlawa River, Tricity Landscape Park. With the Westerplatte Peninsula, where WWII began, September 1 1939, the former Gdansk Shipyard areas and the historical gate no 2, the Gradowa Hill and the Vistulamouth Fortress, with its history form Napoleon times. Gdansk – the city at Motlawa River. A fantastic place to live, work and progress. The biggest city in the Northern part of Poland and one of its kind in the world.
Situated at the Baltic Bay, with the access to sandy beaches, which in Springs and Summers are full of life. Surrounded by picturesque forests of the Tricity Landscape Park and the close vicinity of Kashuby region. Gdansk is one of the most interesting cities on the map of Poland. It fascinates not only with the landscape but with the history too.. This is here, where starting from the Golden Gate to the Green Gate, Polish kings walked and greeted the citizens. This is here, where on the Long Market stands the Arthur’s Court and the Neptune Fountain – symbols of Gdansk.
There are more of those symbols. One of them I also, situated at the Long Embankment, the Crane, the biggest and the oldest, preserved port cranes from medieval Europe, a construction which from XV c. gave a dynamic growth to the port of Gdansk.
Gdansk is the city where famous astronomer, John Hewelius was born, the great physician, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit and the philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer. This is the place, where Polish soldiers from Westerplatte bravery defended the state, when Schleswig-Holstein, the III Reich battle ship in 1939 attacked Polish Military Transit Depot, and started WWII. This is the place, where at Gdansk Shipyard, in 1980 workers started famous straik which triggered slow stream of changes in Poland and Central – Eastern part of Poland.
The European Solidarity Centre, Fot. Pomorskie.Travel
The most interesting attractions in Gdansk
Today, Gdansk is described as the city of freedom and Solidarity. About the history of the trade unions, called “Solidarity”, we can learn more about visiting the unique in the international scale European Solidarity Centre. Extremely original when architecture is concerned (in a shape of a ship), shows the exhibition about the Solidarity movement and is a place of many cultural events.
Lech Walesa, the first leader of the trade unions, “Solidarity”, the former President of Poland and the laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize, has his office here as well.
From the European Solidarity Centre, situated in the former shipyard areas it is not far to the WWII Museum. This is the newest and the most modern museum in the city, built in a big scale. It tells the story about the war in a wide international context.
Gdansk is also a fine place, not only for history lovers, but also for the ones, Who like astronomy and general science. There is Hewelianum Centre situated in a former napoleon’s fort. In one of Gdansk district, called Wrzeszcz, there is a monumental building of Gdansk Technical University, one on the best technical school in Poland.
Talking about Gdansk, we cannot forget about the parks – beautiful and cameral Orunia Park and the unique and vary popular park in Oliwa, which is situated few steps from the XIV c. Cathedral.
The Gdansk Shakespeare Theatre, Fot. Dawid Linkowski
Those are just few, the most characteristic places on the map of this over half million city. Gdansk is the city that all the times develops, where new objects of culture appear, like the Shakespeare Theatre, sport objects (the football stadium in Letnica, which has an amber shape), as well as new and modern infrastructure objects – for example: the port and the container terminal, the airport, which in becoming one of the most important airport around the Baltic states.
Gdansk is a modern city which attracts young people and with its history and tradition elder generations. Gdansk is a city which joins.
Today's Westerplatte, the land which gradually emerged from the sea over the centuries, was initially part of the whole system of large and small islands which kept appearing and disappearing over hundreds of years. Natural processes typical for the mouth of a river, together with human activities preventing these processes, led to the creation of two large islands on both sides of the river. Flat and sandy fragments of land were referred to in Gdańsk as "plates". The two islands were simply called the "eastern plate" and the "western plate", i.e. Ostplaate and Westplaate. Over the years the eastern one connected itself to the land in the area of the Vistulamouth Fortress (Twierdza Wisłoujście) and ceased to be an island. Only the western one, Westplaate, remained separate and was already referred to as "Westerplatte".
During the 1830's a bathing resort was organised on the island, which already was covered by a forest. The place quickly became one of the favourite spots for family picnics for Gdańsk residents. The Sopot resort already existed then but there was no efficient transport between Sopot and Gdańsk at the time. Westerplatte, on the other hand was quickly and quite conveniently available via the water route from the city centre.
The Westerplatte resort was referred to as "Sopot in miniature", having all the necessary attributes of the 19th century health resort. There was a cafe, restaurant, guest houses, and baths for gentlemen and ladies. As well as family baths, there was a pier and water health treatment centre. Soon after the resort infrastructure was constructed at Westerplatte the old mouth of the Vistula was corrected and Westerplatte became a peninsula. The bathing resort ceased to exist by the end of the First World War as Westerplatte was assigned to Poland for creating a trans-shipment base for the weapons and ammunition imported by sea. The establishment of the Army Transit Depot excluded the Westerplatte area from the Gdańsk urban territory.
The 1930's were the most important times in the history of Westerplatte, with black clouds gathering over Europe and inevitable armed conflict on the horizon, which made Polish authorities prepare the peninsula for defensive purposes. An extremely classified and confidential project was implemented over several years before the start of WWII of the total transformation the warehouse areas into a well-designed field fortress. The qualities of the project and its implementation, as well as the combat abilities of its staff, were fully displayed during over six days of defence in 1939. The morale and effectiveness of the defenders in the light of the hopeless situation grew into a legend and a myth even before they surrendered.
Today's Westerplatte, divided between the harbour, an army unit and the battle museum area, is slowly changing in its character, typical of the 1960's, when it was designed, and is becoming an interesting open-air museum. It remains an obligatory visiting place on the route to Gdańsk, and is constantly developing, especially with regard to its outdoor exhibitions, which cover the whole history of the peninsula and not only the most important, but short, war episode it was involved in.
A gdyby tak wejść w inne przestrzenie? Gdański Szlak Wodociągowy (GSW) – przestrzenie zmysłów
Zaspa- A block that became an art gallery
Gdańskie Dolne Miasto
The Gdańsk Brewing Tradition
Maritime Tradition and the Hanseatic League
The Main Town of Gdansk
The Royal Route
The Famous Gdańsk Residents
The Last Judgment ("Sąd Ostateczny") by Hans Memling
St. Mary’s Church