Gdynia, a  city where You always hear the seagulls singing


From all the Tricity cities, Gdynia is the one where tradition permeates with modernity, fot. pomorskie.travel

At the beginning of XX c. it was still a fisherman village. It was given a city law nearly one hundred years age, in 1926. Since then is one of the most interesting example of a deliberate example of a city planning, an example for the businessman and modernity lovers. This is Gdynia, he city from the sea and dreams, where You can hear the seagulls singing.

Gdynia was designed for a specific purpose. Due to the fact, that after WWI Gdansk became part of the Free City of Gdansk and the Second Polish Republic needed the access to the sea and the modern port, it was decided to develop Gdynia.

The city started the impressive development and what is more important it lasts till today. Gdynia is the seat of many modern companies and international corporations. In a big and modern building in Redlowo, there is a Pomeranian Technological and Science Park, where the new start up can develop.

In Gdynia, there is second, largest re-loading port. This is the place, where now ferries to Scandinavia leave and 100 years ago, where famous transatlantic ships (including, sorely missed passenger ship “Batory”) took people to USA and Canada.

Stories of those who decided to leave the country became the inspiration to open a new, unique Museum of Emigration. It is situated in a former Sea Station at the French Embankment.


Museum of Emigration   is situated in a former Sea Station at the French Embankment. Fot. pomorskie.travel

The modernism passionate will love the central part of Gdynia. Gdynia architecture in an example how 100 years ago new, modern cities were built, combining the classics with the new. It is worth paying attention to the houses in a centre as well as bigger buildings. For example a market hall complex, built in 30ties last century. Every day, even during the past, dark history days, this place was always full off life. You could buy everything here – from the vegetables and fruits brought to the jeans by the sailors from USA, perfumes from China or Persian carpets. The market halls were the symbols of modernity and openminded Gdynia, where You could meet “the whole world”. The complex of Gdynia Market Halls, still full of life, was registered on the list of stationary monuments.


Gdynia's modernism trail. The A. Ogończyk – Bloch and L. Mazalon Tenement House

Gdynia is a city where culture is very important. The younger European generation for sure recalls one of the biggest musical festivals – Open’er Festival. Stars like: Red Hot Chili Peppers, Depeche Mode, Pearl Jam, Rihanna, Coldplay or Radiohead played there. Gdynia is also the capital of Polish film business. Every September, all famous Polish film stars come to Gdynia for the Polish Film Festival. There are also Film Centre and the Film School in Gdynia. Close by there is a Musical Theatre with the name of Danuta Baduszkowa, famous from the most spectacular musicals.


Moby on Opener, fot. pomorskie.travel

If We want to admire this sea city, the port, the shipyard, the beach and the sea boulevard take a funicular to the Stone Hill. There is a picturesque city panorama from there. Those who prefer a stroll along the beach, inhaling fresh, sea air, we recommend going to Orlowo. Walking down the Orlowo pier it is worth entering the nearby Tawerna to try fresh fish and climb up the cliff, from where there is a view to the Baltic Bay, Sopot and Gdansk.

Oksywie

Oksywie

     Oksywie is the oldest district of present Gdynia. The first historic references about old  church village “Oxiva” date back to 1214. Even older is the history of  the settlement in this area dating back to 65-500 BC. In 7th -12th centuries there was a fortified town  being the office of the head  of the community and later the duke’s administration. To prove rich history of Oksywie is the fact of existing a parish founded before  1224, which makes it one of the oldest parishes in the Gdansk Pomerania. The real treasure of Oksywie is St. Michael Archangel church, considered one of the oldest in the Pomorskie region.

Many localities belonged to the region: Gdynia, Oksywie, Witomino, Obluze or Pogorze or settlements that no longer exist on the map such as : Zbikowo, Kochowo or Gradolew. The sanctuary built in a characteristic manner for the Pomorskie medieval village churches. The church has one nave that ends in a polyhedral presbytery. A tower with a baroque dome and en entrance is situated on the east side.

The church is strongly linked with the Navy. Inside the church there is a plaque dedicated to priest Wladyslaw Miegon, a chaplain of the Navy who died in the concentration camp in Dachau, also there is a plaque commemorating the death of admiral Jozef Unrug and admiral Jerzy Swirski . The church has plaques of the river flotillas of Pinsk and Vistula rivers as well as officers of the Navy killed in 1952. Outside there is a field altar , right behind it on the wall of the church there are six plaques dedicated to the Navy ships ("Grom", "Orzel", "Jastrzab", "Kujawiak", "Orkan" and "Dragon") that were sunk in the battlements during the WW II. Each ship has its plaque on which it was written a name, place and the date of sinking of the ship, a motto of a Polish poet and a phrase 'Mersis in bello' ( sunk in the battlement). In 1983 all the plaques were consecrated and named the Little Hall of Fame of the Navy.

Near the church there is a cemetery where there are tombs of the people connected with Oksywie, Poland and the Navy. Here lies the eminent Kashuba Antoni Abraham. This necropolis is considered one of the most beautiful cemeteries in the Pomorskie region.

Oksywie is mainly associated with the military objects that are partly open for the tourists. There is a wonderful modernist group of buildings of the former Headquarters of the Navy with an impressive gate built in the 20th century, former Navy barracks ( today Naval Academy) and a naval port. Many bunkers and shelter have also survived till today.