The Southern Kashuby. The land of hills and lakes.

Co warto zobaczyć na Kaszubach - atrakcje Kaszub

From the lakes and hills to the valleys full of tastes and covered by the green grass. Form the classical sniffing tobacco to the Kashubian strawberry full of the summer sun. From the Kashubian old huts to museums showing the variety of the tradition of the region. The Southern Kashuby, the area from Zukowo to Przechlewo are fascinating with the landscapes and the culture.

The Southern or the Northern Kashuby? If You would ask such question to someone, who loves this region, for sure it would be impossible to answer that. This region is very diverse with the incomparable features and history.

Kashubian Switzerland... so hills and lakes

“Kashubian Switzerland” – this is how w describe the central part of Kashuby. The name is not accidental. This part has the biggest highs differences full of hills and lakes. It is located close to Wiezyca peak (329 m. above the sea level), the highest hill not only in Kashuby and the Northern Poland but in the European Plain. There is also the Kashubian Landscape Park here with beech trees, pines and spruce forests, unique bird species (like the sea ducks “Mergini” or boreal owl) or bats and even the common European viper. Through the Southern Kashuby goes the red tourists trail, very popular among the walkers as well as the cyclists. In the winter time, the area near Wiezyca is a fantastic place for skiing. In the Summer time it is worth climbing the platform on the top of the hill and admire the view.

Wiezyca, Fot: Kaszubski Park Krajobrazowy

Kashubian Switzerland that is not only hilly landscape and post glacier lakes. That is also a culture and tradition, You can find almost everywhere. The names of cities and villages are written in two languages – Kashubian and Polish. You can hear Kashubian language, a mixture of Polish and German almost everywhere. It is difficult to understand what Kashubian people are saying. Luckily, people where are very friendly and kind, sow hen they see you do not understand, they turn into Polish.

The capital of Kashubia?

Which city is the capital of Kashuby region? No one knows and there are debates about it . Usually, it is said that the capital of the whole Kashubian region is Kartuzy, some people say that it is rather Koscierzyna. On the other hand, when we drive into Gdansk, we see the sign: Gdansk, the capital of Kashuby.  And how to decide now?

Rynek w Kościerzynie, Fot: UM Kościerzyna

Nevertheless, Kartuzy, situated at the four lakes, is that city which promotes Kashuby the most. Already before the WWII Kartuzy were the centre of Kashubian Switzerland. Tourists were coming here all year long, visiting former Carthusian Abbey and swimming on the lakes. Today there is a Kashubian Museum here with the name of F. Treder, with big collection of the artefact of the historical and folk culture of Kashuby.

Kashuby - cultura and traditions

Near Kartuzy, in the Kashubian Landscape Park, there is Chmielno. A small village, extremely popular among sailors and the lovers of Kashubian pottery. For generations the family of Necel lived here, known around Poland for their passion to pottery. Till today they produce by hand traditional Kashubian vases, tableware, pitchers or bowls with the traditional patterns of tulips, lilies, fish scales or Kashubian star.

  Pottery Museum in Chmielno, Fot: Pomorskie.travel

Those decorations are also traditional motives of Kashubian painting on glass and the embroidery. There are several Kashubian embroidery schools, depending on the region.

Travelling deeper  in the region, passing Koscierzyna with its renovated Old Town and famous Old Brewery, where the traditional Kashubian beer is brewed, we shall reach Wdzydze Kiszewskie. It is a touristic village, a true heaven for lake lovers and history enthusiasts. Wdzydze Kiszewskie is situated at the Golun Lake, ant the oldest Polish open air museum is situated here – The Kashubian Ethnographic Park. It was established in 1906 and till today is one of the most important historical attraction in Pomerania region and Poland.

Sunset in Wdzydze Kiszewskie, Fot: LOT Serce Kaszub

The Southern Kashuby hypnotize and fascinate. It is love at the first sight and who will fall in love with this area will love it forever.

Kashubian Museum in Kartuzy

Kashubian Museum in Kartuzy

    Kashubian Museum collection is presented in the 19th century villa in eight exhibition halls. The permanent exhibition is devoted to fisheries, agriculture, household, Kashubian ceramics and embroidery, the dowry of  the bride, and the Kashubian traditional chamber. In addition, the museum has a valuable collection of 18th and 19th century Kashubian bonnets called złotogłowi and  the 19th  century collection of  glass paintings.

For visitors, the museum offers many attractions, including the performance on the oldest Kashubian instrument- devil violins, presentation and singing of Kaszëbscich Nutow i.e. the only Polish alphabet sung, offers to try a snuff, coffee and tea, souvenirs.

The foundation of the museum was created after regaining of the independence in the old hospital building at Cemetery street in Kartuzy. The museum collection consisted of 106 exhibits. Next, the museum was established in the Hinca's home at Pilsudski street. Subsequent attempts to create a museum were taken by Franciszek Treder who organized the first exhibition of folk art in his native village in Borzestowo in 1932. Franciszka Majkowska created the exhibit in the Kashubian Manor in the late 30s of 20th.

In the basement of Kashubian Museum served a sentence of detention Kashubians who were charged with disloyalty to the communist government. After leaving the building by the Safety Authority (Polish: UB) in 1947 it was allocated for the purposes of Kashubian Museum. Over the years, this 19th century villa evolved and gained its proper character associated with the cultural movement of the Kashubian region and presenting rich legacy of Kashuby. Since 1995 Kashubian Museum is named after its founder Franciszek Treder. An important achievement for the museum, the city and the region was listing the Kashubian Museum in State Register of Museums run by the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage.