Opened and modern, marked by the history. Welcome to Gdansk.
Despite the fact, the city is over one thousand years old, it impresses with modernity. Proud from its incredibly rich history, opened to the world and the future. With the view to the Baltic Sea, Motlawa River, Tricity Landscape Park. With the Westerplatte Peninsula, where WWII began, September 1 1939, the former Gdansk Shipyard areas and the historical gate no 2, the Gradowa Hill and the Vistulamouth Fortress, with its history form Napoleon times. Gdansk – the city at Motlawa River. A fantastic place to live, work and progress. The biggest city in the Northern part of Poland and one of its kind in the world.
Situated at the Baltic Bay, with the access to sandy beaches, which in Springs and Summers are full of life. Surrounded by picturesque forests of the Tricity Landscape Park and the close vicinity of Kashuby region. Gdansk is one of the most interesting cities on the map of Poland. It fascinates not only with the landscape but with the history too.. This is here, where starting from the Golden Gate to the Green Gate, Polish kings walked and greeted the citizens. This is here, where on the Long Market stands the Arthur’s Court and the Neptune Fountain – symbols of Gdansk.
There are more of those symbols. One of them I also, situated at the Long Embankment, the Crane, the biggest and the oldest, preserved port cranes from medieval Europe, a construction which from XV c. gave a dynamic growth to the port of Gdansk.
Gdansk is the city where famous astronomer, John Hewelius was born, the great physician, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit and the philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer. This is the place, where Polish soldiers from Westerplatte bravery defended the state, when Schleswig-Holstein, the III Reich battle ship in 1939 attacked Polish Military Transit Depot, and started WWII. This is the place, where at Gdansk Shipyard, in 1980 workers started famous straik which triggered slow stream of changes in Poland and Central – Eastern part of Poland.
The European Solidarity Centre, Fot. Pomorskie.Travel
The most interesting attractions in Gdansk
Today, Gdansk is described as the city of freedom and Solidarity. About the history of the trade unions, called “Solidarity”, we can learn more about visiting the unique in the international scale European Solidarity Centre. Extremely original when architecture is concerned (in a shape of a ship), shows the exhibition about the Solidarity movement and is a place of many cultural events.
Lech Walesa, the first leader of the trade unions, “Solidarity”, the former President of Poland and the laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize, has his office here as well.
From the European Solidarity Centre, situated in the former shipyard areas it is not far to the WWII Museum. This is the newest and the most modern museum in the city, built in a big scale. It tells the story about the war in a wide international context.
Gdansk is also a fine place, not only for history lovers, but also for the ones, Who like astronomy and general science. There is Hewelianum Centre situated in a former napoleon’s fort. In one of Gdansk district, called Wrzeszcz, there is a monumental building of Gdansk Technical University, one on the best technical school in Poland.
Talking about Gdansk, we cannot forget about the parks – beautiful and cameral Orunia Park and the unique and vary popular park in Oliwa, which is situated few steps from the XIV c. Cathedral.
The Gdansk Shakespeare Theatre, Fot. Dawid Linkowski
Those are just few, the most characteristic places on the map of this over half million city. Gdansk is the city that all the times develops, where new objects of culture appear, like the Shakespeare Theatre, sport objects (the football stadium in Letnica, which has an amber shape), as well as new and modern infrastructure objects – for example: the port and the container terminal, the airport, which in becoming one of the most important airport around the Baltic states.
Gdansk is a modern city which attracts young people and with its history and tradition elder generations. Gdansk is a city which joins.
At the beginning of 17th Century a son of a wealthy brewer was born and given the name Hans. The boy was very smart and got quickly picked up by Gdańsk scientific circles. Peter Crüger, a professor of the the Academic Gymnasium, taught him mathematics and astronomy and made him fall in love with these subjects. This was not well received by Hans' father, who wanted his oldest living son (in fact his fifth child) to take over the family brewery after him and become a rich and respected merchant in the future, maybe even a local politician. So he sent his son to Leiden to study law and economics. The boy lasted a year and then went for a trip around Europe visiting scientific centres and the morst important representatives of the pure sciences. He was put in order and summoned home by his father. He got married quickly, which seems to be the fact which affected his further developments. The marriage was presumably an arranged one, but extremely fortunate and the business talents of his wife, Katherina, were so good that she in fact led the family business. Therefore, her husband had a lot of time to give his full attention to the stars.
He built a platform located on the roofs of three houses on Korzenna Street in the Old Town and made his astronomic observatory there. As the years passed his recognition grew as an astronomer, local politician and wealthy brewer. His scientific, professional and social success was however overshadowed by the fact that he had no children who could be left with his heritage. He could not have children with Katerina and even lost her after 27 years of marriage. Shortly afterwards he remarried and again he had a lot of luck. His second wife, Elisabeth Koopmann, not only gave him children, but also became his scientific partner and accompanied him during the nights at the observatory as the first female astronomer in history.
Hevelius' achievements as an astronomer were also noticed beyond Gdańsk. He was in contact with the greatest scientists of his times. Halley himself was his guest, as well as Polish kings visiting Gdańsk. The fame of the Gdańsk astronomer travelled around the world and he is considered the most significant representative of old astronomy, just after Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, Kepler and Galileo Galilei.
The remembrance of Hevelius has been maintained in Gdańsk for hundreds of years. He won the title of the "Gdańsk resident of a thousand years", he has his own street and monument, and there is a scientific exhibition called Hewelianum in the Hail Hill (Gradowa Góra) fortress. 2011 was announced as the year of Hevelius and there were many events organised referring to him. The Hevelius Trail in Gdansk is a very interesting and educational trip over the past and contemporary times worth taking for the history of Gdańsk, its past life, local beer and the two women who helped the brewer to become an astronomer recognised in the world.
A gdyby tak wejść w inne przestrzenie? Gdański Szlak Wodociągowy (GSW) – przestrzenie zmysłów
Zaspa- A block that became an art gallery
Gdańskie Dolne Miasto
The Gdańsk Brewing Tradition
Maritime Tradition and the Hanseatic League
The Main Town of Gdansk
The Royal Route
The Famous Gdańsk Residents
The Last Judgment ("Sąd Ostateczny") by Hans Memling
St. Mary’s Church