Opened and modern, marked by the history. Welcome to Gdansk.
Despite the fact, the city is over one thousand years old, it impresses with modernity. Proud from its incredibly rich history, opened to the world and the future. With the view to the Baltic Sea, Motlawa River, Tricity Landscape Park. With the Westerplatte Peninsula, where WWII began, September 1 1939, the former Gdansk Shipyard areas and the historical gate no 2, the Gradowa Hill and the Vistulamouth Fortress, with its history form Napoleon times. Gdansk – the city at Motlawa River. A fantastic place to live, work and progress. The biggest city in the Northern part of Poland and one of its kind in the world.
Situated at the Baltic Bay, with the access to sandy beaches, which in Springs and Summers are full of life. Surrounded by picturesque forests of the Tricity Landscape Park and the close vicinity of Kashuby region. Gdansk is one of the most interesting cities on the map of Poland. It fascinates not only with the landscape but with the history too.. This is here, where starting from the Golden Gate to the Green Gate, Polish kings walked and greeted the citizens. This is here, where on the Long Market stands the Arthur’s Court and the Neptune Fountain – symbols of Gdansk.
There are more of those symbols. One of them I also, situated at the Long Embankment, the Crane, the biggest and the oldest, preserved port cranes from medieval Europe, a construction which from XV c. gave a dynamic growth to the port of Gdansk.
Gdansk is the city where famous astronomer, John Hewelius was born, the great physician, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit and the philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer. This is the place, where Polish soldiers from Westerplatte bravery defended the state, when Schleswig-Holstein, the III Reich battle ship in 1939 attacked Polish Military Transit Depot, and started WWII. This is the place, where at Gdansk Shipyard, in 1980 workers started famous straik which triggered slow stream of changes in Poland and Central – Eastern part of Poland.
The European Solidarity Centre, Fot. Pomorskie.Travel
The most interesting attractions in Gdansk
Today, Gdansk is described as the city of freedom and Solidarity. About the history of the trade unions, called “Solidarity”, we can learn more about visiting the unique in the international scale European Solidarity Centre. Extremely original when architecture is concerned (in a shape of a ship), shows the exhibition about the Solidarity movement and is a place of many cultural events.
Lech Walesa, the first leader of the trade unions, “Solidarity”, the former President of Poland and the laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize, has his office here as well.
From the European Solidarity Centre, situated in the former shipyard areas it is not far to the WWII Museum. This is the newest and the most modern museum in the city, built in a big scale. It tells the story about the war in a wide international context.
Gdansk is also a fine place, not only for history lovers, but also for the ones, Who like astronomy and general science. There is Hewelianum Centre situated in a former napoleon’s fort. In one of Gdansk district, called Wrzeszcz, there is a monumental building of Gdansk Technical University, one on the best technical school in Poland.
Talking about Gdansk, we cannot forget about the parks – beautiful and cameral Orunia Park and the unique and vary popular park in Oliwa, which is situated few steps from the XIV c. Cathedral.
The Gdansk Shakespeare Theatre, Fot. Dawid Linkowski
Those are just few, the most characteristic places on the map of this over half million city. Gdansk is the city that all the times develops, where new objects of culture appear, like the Shakespeare Theatre, sport objects (the football stadium in Letnica, which has an amber shape), as well as new and modern infrastructure objects – for example: the port and the container terminal, the airport, which in becoming one of the most important airport around the Baltic states.
Gdansk is a modern city which attracts young people and with its history and tradition elder generations. Gdansk is a city which joins.
The Royal Route
It could take up to eight hours for the royal retinues with several thousands of participants to go through the Royal Route. The royal entourage entered the Royal Route through the High Gate, located next to the western part of the Long (Długa) Street Barbican and, further on, the Torture Chamber. There the city representatives welcomed the Polish kings who arrived there.
Going next to the Court of St. George Brotherhood, with the sound of bells and the chanting of the clergy, the kings would pass through the Long Street Gate applauded by the people. Behind the gate the crowd occupied the Long Street, where only the richest residents of Gdańsk had their houses.
The Royal retinues often stopped for longer periods to watch tightrope walkers and street acrobats and to listen to musicians, hear the mayor's speech or watch the knight's fights. They could enjoy the views of rich houses at the Long Street, where the influential Gdańsk families resided. To this day particular attention is attracted by Uphagens' house, Ferbers' House, Schumanns' House and the Lion's Castle. In the last one the meetings of representatives of culture, science were held hosting also the kings of Poland.
At the end of the Street they stopped at the Town Hall, the seat of Gdańsk authorities. This is where the king's quarters were prepared and where the most important issues of the city were discussed. Just behind the town hall there was the Long Market (Długi Targ), for many centuries the crowded centre of urban life. Here trade flourished, the crops market operated, contests took place and the kings received oaths.
The kings visiting Gdańsk very often chose accommodation in the houses by the Long Market, admiring their beauty and location. This was the reason why the first four houses at Długi Targ were referred to as the royal houses.
From the windows of these houses the kings could admire the Artus Court, one of the greatest buildings of its kind in northern Europe. Here the wealthy patricians met and it was the centre of social and commercial life. The Neptune's fountain also fits in extremely well with the place as a symbol of the city's alliance with the sea.
Next to the Artus Court the guests are impressed by the neighbouring houses located on the same side of the market. The Golden House, seems especially outstanding and is referred to as the most beautiful building in Gdańsk. Next to it, at number 43, the New House of the Court was located, a.k.a. Gdańsk Vestibule (Sień Gdańska) which held the local criminal court for almost 100 years.
Despite the fact that the Kings admired the houses by the Long Market and they loved to stay there, Gdańsk's residents committed themselves to the construction of an official royal residence. Hence the Green Gate was constructed, replacing the Cog Gate from the 14th century. In the end however, the official kings' residence never fulfilled its role. Only once, in 1646, Maria Ludwika Gonzaga, stayed there on her way from France to the wedding with Władysław IV Vasa.
Today most of the tourists end their trip down the Royal Route just behind the Green Gate. Several hundred years ago the royal retinues used to go further towards Żuławy Gate and the Long Garden (Długie Ogrody) where the servants and soldiers accompanying the King could rest.
A gdyby tak wejść w inne przestrzenie? Gdański Szlak Wodociągowy (GSW) – przestrzenie zmysłów
Zaspa- A block that became an art gallery
Gdańskie Dolne Miasto
The Gdańsk Brewing Tradition
Maritime Tradition and the Hanseatic League
The Main Town of Gdansk
The Royal Route
The Famous Gdańsk Residents
The Last Judgment ("Sąd Ostateczny") by Hans Memling
St. Mary’s Church