Slupsk Land. Where history meets modernity
Open to the Baltic Sea, decorated with the picturesque Slupia River, with numerous monuments of the city of Slupsk, examples of classic wooden constructed houses and evidence of progressive hydrotechnical thought, the Slupsk Land is an extremely attractive area of Pomorskie region It is worth staying here for longer.
The region's largest city, as the name suggests, is Slupsk. It is a city that is over 700 years old and is proudly dominated by the Gothic Pomorskie Dukes' Castle with the restored Richter's granary, a mill and the Mill Gate. The history of Slupsk dates back to the formation of the Polish state. It was here that the Gryfit family ruled, whose memory is still alive in the historic walls of the city. Numerous monuments (along with the castle, there is also the town hall with magnificent stained glass windows) make Slupsk a city frequented visited by tourists.
Not everyone knows that it is in Slupsk, in the mentioned above Pomorskie Dukes' Castle, that the world's largest collection of paintings by avant-garde artist Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz is located. The Central Pomorskie Museum gathered over a quarter of a thousand portraits, paintings and drawings by Witkacy.
Kolekcja prac Witkiewicza w Muzeum Pomorza Środkowego, fot. pomorskie.travel
There are also those who do not know that it is in Slupsk, in the department store building at Plac Zwyciestwa, that there is a real technical monument - the oldest elevator in Europe.
If you ask about the coastal attractions of the Slupsk region, there is only one answer: Ustka. It is a beach resort that is teeming with life in spring and summer. The beach in Ustka is a paradise for those who care about the proximity of the city and great infrastructure (eastern beach) and for those who want to calm down and peace (western beach) lying on the sand.
Ustka is also a health resort where cardiological and rheumatological diseases are treated. Brine and peat found in this area is a natural remedy for many ailments. Ustka has also great restaurants, there are summer concerts, walks along the sea. There is a lighthouse in Ustka that is over 100 years old, is still shining. The lighthouse in nearby Czolpino and the Stilo lighthouse, which is considered to be one of the most charming in the whole of Pomorskie region, is also worth Your attention.
Latarnia morska w Ustce, fot. pomorskie.travel
However, the Slupsk region is not only the Baltic Sea. It is also the Slupia River with the Papal Canoe Trail commemorating the water expedition of Karol Wojtyla from 1964. The trail is almost as long as the river itself, and its passage provides unusual sensations, both sport and aesthetic. It is worth emphasizing that part of the Slupia River Valley is a beautiful landscape park with numerous species of flora and fauna, as well as, on the other hand, an example of technical progress. It was here at the beginning of the 20th century that hydroelectric power plants were erected, which, still operating, are open to visitors. Those interested in this type of attraction will certainly be interested in the fact that the Zarnowiec Hydroelectric Power Plant, the largest pumped storage power plant in Poland, is also nearby.
Historic pearls of the region
Characteristic black and white country houses. White, because painted with lime. Black because with beams covered with tar. This is how traditional houses of the Slupsk region looked (and still look). Lots of them here, especially in the area of Swolowo. It is not without the reason that this area is called the Checkered Land. Well-preserved examples of wooden house construction are the reason why Swolowo was baptized with the name of the European Village of Cultural Heritage. The Pomorskie Folk Culture Museum in Swolowo takes care that the rich Pomorskie peasant's barn, bread house, and cottage of the farmer continue to be attractive for Guests.
After a visit to the Pomorskie farms of rich peasants, it is worth going to Kluki, where the Museum of the Slovinian Village is located. This is a unique open-air museum, where you can see how the Slovinians, the indigenous people of this land, lived here 200 years ago. We visit cottages with well-maintained, though modestly arranged rooms, home gardens, fishing huts, necessary in the vicinity of the lakes Gardno and Lebsko. Finally, we will eat wafers, baked on the spot according to ancient recipes.
It is worth ending your visit to the Slupsk region with a concert. Yes, at the Charlotta Valley complex in July and August each year there is a Festival of rock Legends, a unique musical feast for all lovers of the best music!
The Castle of the Pomeranian Dukes
The place where the Castle was built has a long defensive tradition, as it is the former location of the town of Słupsk. After less than a century from construction, the Castle was rebuilt according to the fashion of that time as a beautiful residence of the Pomeranian House of Griffin. Despite later devastation, numerous adaptations to changing needs, a fire, and war-time destruction, it was possible to recreate its former beauty after World War II. Not only is it worth looking at the extraordinary and harmonious architecture of its exterior, but it is also a good idea to visit the Museum of Central Pomerania in its interior. Here you can see some very interesting exhibits of historic items connected with the history of Słupsk and its environs. The rich illustrative material to complement the exhibition allows us to trace the changes undergone by the town, and its characteristic buildings over the course of more than seven hundred years of history. When organising the exhibition, a lot of attention was paid to the Castle itself and its former hosts - the Pomeranian Dukes and the de Croy family. The museum has a well-founded pride in its collection of works by Stanisław Witkiewicz (Witkacy), which can only be envied by such "Witkacian" centres as Kraków or Zakopane.
The Castle complex also features the Castle Mill - one of the oldest technical monuments in Poland, which recalls the first half of the 14th Century and currently houses ethnographic exhibitions; the Młyńska Gate - an imposing Gothic structure, once protecting the crossing on the Słupia; and Saint Hyacinth's Church - the former Castle chapel - a Gothic church with Baroque furnishings and tombs of the Griffins, as well as the reconstructed Castle garden.
After visiting Słupsk Castle you can take some rest at a teashop in the old Richter Granary, which was moved from the town centre to the Castle and included in the museum complex in the 1990's.
The Castle in Słupsk is a place that will delight an individual sensitive to architectural beauty, and also enthusiasts of art, especially inter-war art. The residents of Słupsk should also definitely see it, if they have not done so yet, as this place has everything they need to better understand their own town.
Pomorskie in books
The Checkered-House Land
Tradition of the region – open air museums
The largest exhibition of Witkacy's works is in ... Slupsk!
The Słowiński National Park
How does a lighthouse work? "We are here so that this lantern never goes out"
Miastko Charming, Colorful, Active
Słupsk, Ustka, Łeba i okolice dla dzieci
The Papal Canoe Trail
Dawny świat w bursztynie zaklęty
The Castle of the Pomeranian Dukes
Fortyfikacje w Ustce
The beaches of Ustka
Słynny pięściarz mieszkał na Ziemi Miasteckiej