Gdynia, a  city where You always hear the seagulls singing

From all the Tricity cities, Gdynia is the one where tradition permeates with modernity, fot.

At the beginning of XX c. it was still a fisherman village. It was given a city law nearly one hundred years age, in 1926. Since then is one of the most interesting example of a deliberate example of a city planning, an example for the businessman and modernity lovers. This is Gdynia, he city from the sea and dreams, where You can hear the seagulls singing.

Gdynia was designed for a specific purpose. Due to the fact, that after WWI Gdansk became part of the Free City of Gdansk and the Second Polish Republic needed the access to the sea and the modern port, it was decided to develop Gdynia.

The city started the impressive development and what is more important it lasts till today. Gdynia is the seat of many modern companies and international corporations. In a big and modern building in Redlowo, there is a Pomeranian Technological and Science Park, where the new start up can develop.

In Gdynia, there is second, largest re-loading port. This is the place, where now ferries to Scandinavia leave and 100 years ago, where famous transatlantic ships (including, sorely missed passenger ship “Batory”) took people to USA and Canada.

Stories of those who decided to leave the country became the inspiration to open a new, unique Museum of Emigration. It is situated in a former Sea Station at the French Embankment.

Museum of Emigration   is situated in a former Sea Station at the French Embankment. Fot.

The modernism passionate will love the central part of Gdynia. Gdynia architecture in an example how 100 years ago new, modern cities were built, combining the classics with the new. It is worth paying attention to the houses in a centre as well as bigger buildings. For example a market hall complex, built in 30ties last century. Every day, even during the past, dark history days, this place was always full off life. You could buy everything here – from the vegetables and fruits brought to the jeans by the sailors from USA, perfumes from China or Persian carpets. The market halls were the symbols of modernity and openminded Gdynia, where You could meet “the whole world”. The complex of Gdynia Market Halls, still full of life, was registered on the list of stationary monuments.

Gdynia's modernism trail. The A. Ogończyk – Bloch and L. Mazalon Tenement House

Gdynia is a city where culture is very important. The younger European generation for sure recalls one of the biggest musical festivals – Open’er Festival. Stars like: Red Hot Chili Peppers, Depeche Mode, Pearl Jam, Rihanna, Coldplay or Radiohead played there. Gdynia is also the capital of Polish film business. Every September, all famous Polish film stars come to Gdynia for the Polish Film Festival. There are also Film Centre and the Film School in Gdynia. Close by there is a Musical Theatre with the name of Danuta Baduszkowa, famous from the most spectacular musicals.

Moby on Opener, fot.

If We want to admire this sea city, the port, the shipyard, the beach and the sea boulevard take a funicular to the Stone Hill. There is a picturesque city panorama from there. Those who prefer a stroll along the beach, inhaling fresh, sea air, we recommend going to Orlowo. Walking down the Orlowo pier it is worth entering the nearby Tawerna to try fresh fish and climb up the cliff, from where there is a view to the Baltic Bay, Sopot and Gdansk.

Gdynia Harbour

Gdynia Harbour

   The Decision of the Polish Parliament issued in 1922 on the construction of a harbour in Gdynia is the official date of the harbour’s history. The works had however already commenced in 1920, with the engineer Tadeusz Wenda being sent to choose the most convenient location for the harbour.
The chosen location was used in the years 1920-1923 as the "Temporary War Harbour and Shelter for Fishermen". Then a real harbour was constructed, becoming a significant European harbour in the 1930's, and the volume of cargo exported from Gdynia in 1933 surpassed Gdańsk. In 1935 the harbour had all its landing piers and basins. It was 12 metres deep which allowed for the biggest ships to arrive there. There was also a shipyard, Crops Elevator, Rice Mill and the Harbour Freezer, and was the second such facility in the world with regards to its size. The main exported cargo included coal and wood, with Scandinavian countries being the main customers.

Gdynia harbour in the 193O's became a passenger harbour too. A maritime passenger station was constructed there in 1931, with emigrants checking out for South America and elsewhere.

The rapid growth of trade was stopped by WWII and during the war the harbour was the German naval base, Kriegsmarine. This was the reason why the harbour got heavily damaged by the Allies' air rides. The end of the war brought heavy destruction of equipment, and the entrance to the harbour was blocked by sunken Nazi ships.

After the war, in order to reconstruct the harbor, the area had to be unblocked and cleared of mines. Then the landing piers and other buildings were reconstructed. By the end of 1949 most of the works had beencompleted and in 1951 the ship Gneisenau was salvaged which had been used to block the entrance to the harbour. In the 196O's the operational capacity from before the war was achieved and the harbour became the main place for reloading crops. The historic post-war 500-millionth ton was reloaded there on 15 January 2005. Currently the harbour is developing further and with modernised piers next to merchant ships it also hosts large passenger cruisers.