Powisle. The kingdom of plumps and the Teutonic castles.
Situated on the east coast Powisle is at the bored of two vaivodeships: Pomeranian and Warmian-Mazurian. Luckily for the Pomeranian, in its borders there are many lakes, rivers and forests full of beautiful walking paths. Those who love history and architecture will come to Powisle to visit the castles, fortresses and crypts, which there are quite a lot of them.
Powisle is situated in the area of Lower Vistula , which is the land of beautiful landscapes and quite complicated history. This land changed its nationality many times and finally became part of Pomerania and Poland.
Flavours of Powisle
Powisle is rich with lakes and rivers. There are also forests here, which are an excellent palace for strolling and active way of spending time. There are also quite a lot of farming areas, which especially in the Spring time create charming panoramas and orchards with apples, pears and plumps. Those are the plumps that locals farmers are so proud of. The plump of Powisle is a rarity and the good of the region. The most famous plump is from the Neborowo Wielkie. It is used for a classical plump jam and the tincture, which is the hallmark of the region.
Powisle is appreciated not only for its geographical location and features. This is the land where there are two artefacts from the Teutonic times.
Powiśle - what's worth seeing?
First, let’s go to Kwidzyn, called the capital of the Lower Powisle. Over the city, situated at the Liwa river, there is a castle of the wormer chapter house of the Pomesanians. The castle was modelled on the other Teutonic castles from the region. The castle was built in XIII/XIV c. and during its golden age it was the centre of the religious and political – administrative life. The most characteristical feature of the castell in, so called “Gdanisko”, the tower emerging form the castle walls. It was connected with the rest of the castle with the corridor supported on brick arcades. It looks really spectacular and visiting Kwidzyn You have to drive down Gdanska Street, beneath the arcades. Visiting the city, it is worth looking at the former. Medieval, brick city walls from XIV c. , four-storey granary, brick granary from XVIII and the crypt of the three Grand Masters of the Teutonic Order in the St. John Evangelist Cathedral.
Castle in Kwidzyn, fot: pomorskie.travel
Sztum, situated at the two lakes: Sztumskie and Barlewickie is another stop while visiting the region. Sztum is famous not only due to its beautiful location at the two lakes but because of its history so much joined with the Teutonic Order. This was the place where in XIV c. Teutons built the defensive fortress, which became the sit of the mayor. The fortress was built from the field stones and the bricks, due to that it lasted till today. Now, it is a part of the Castle Museum in Malbork. There is also a Sztum Land Gild, so the knight tradition is still alive in the city.
Driving around Sztum, it is worth to see Waplewo Wielkie, to see the Sierakowski Palace. This place, during the difficult times of XIX c. was the centre where Polish tradition, culture and language was cultivated. There were many Polish aristocrats, artists, poets and writers coming here.
The Sierakowski Palace in Waplewo Wielkie, fot: M. Michalska
In Prabuty, on the other hand, almost at the border of the Pomeranian and the Warmian-Mazurian vaivodeships, it is worth visiting the underground waterworks route. The corridors under the Old Town were built around XVIII due to many dangerous fires.
Powisle, during the day full of charm, in the evenings, mysterious. Who knows, maybe in the former Teutonic castle, there are still some ghosts of the Grand Masters?
The underground route in Prabuty
In the first half of 18th century, water supply system was built in Prabuty that provide residents easy access to good water. This water was to come from the nearby Lake Mlynskie, to the market it flew through a hundred-meter length of the channel. This channel, having reached the market branched leading to some underground tanks located in the corners of the market. These tanks are about 4 meters in diameter and over 5 meters of height. The water is extracted to the surface by means of manual pumps. This system worked smoothly later to be replaced with modern waterworks. Lake Mlynskie was dried in 19th century, and the channels with the market tanks have not been used since then. You can explore them, although they are accessible to tourists only in July and August. Exploration should be agreed in advance with the local tourist information. Some conservation work the underground system is planned in the nearest future, equipping it with lighting and making it the city attraction open to all visitors. For now the underground exploration of Prabuty should be treated as an easy type of cave tourism and prepare for it, supplying a good flashlight.
The underground route in Prabuty is one of regional attractions that are just waiting for the full release. Even today, it is worth to keep in mind this rare urban oddity, and list it in the sightseeing program for the Vistula part of Gdańsk Pomerania.
Pomorskie in books
The regional products of Powiśle
The Castle in Kwidzyn
The Palace of the Sierakowski Family in Waplewo Wielkie
The underground route in Prabuty
The Crypt of Teutonic Grand Masters in Kwidzyn
The Teutonic castle in Sztum