Gdynia, a  city where You always hear the seagulls singing

From all the Tricity cities, Gdynia is the one where tradition permeates with modernity, fot.

At the beginning of XX c. it was still a fisherman village. It was given a city law nearly one hundred years age, in 1926. Since then is one of the most interesting example of a deliberate example of a city planning, an example for the businessman and modernity lovers. This is Gdynia, he city from the sea and dreams, where You can hear the seagulls singing.

Gdynia was designed for a specific purpose. Due to the fact, that after WWI Gdansk became part of the Free City of Gdansk and the Second Polish Republic needed the access to the sea and the modern port, it was decided to develop Gdynia.

The city started the impressive development and what is more important it lasts till today. Gdynia is the seat of many modern companies and international corporations. In a big and modern building in Redlowo, there is a Pomeranian Technological and Science Park, where the new start up can develop.

In Gdynia, there is second, largest re-loading port. This is the place, where now ferries to Scandinavia leave and 100 years ago, where famous transatlantic ships (including, sorely missed passenger ship “Batory”) took people to USA and Canada.

Stories of those who decided to leave the country became the inspiration to open a new, unique Museum of Emigration. It is situated in a former Sea Station at the French Embankment.

Museum of Emigration   is situated in a former Sea Station at the French Embankment. Fot.

The modernism passionate will love the central part of Gdynia. Gdynia architecture in an example how 100 years ago new, modern cities were built, combining the classics with the new. It is worth paying attention to the houses in a centre as well as bigger buildings. For example a market hall complex, built in 30ties last century. Every day, even during the past, dark history days, this place was always full off life. You could buy everything here – from the vegetables and fruits brought to the jeans by the sailors from USA, perfumes from China or Persian carpets. The market halls were the symbols of modernity and openminded Gdynia, where You could meet “the whole world”. The complex of Gdynia Market Halls, still full of life, was registered on the list of stationary monuments.

Gdynia's modernism trail. The A. Ogończyk – Bloch and L. Mazalon Tenement House

Gdynia is a city where culture is very important. The younger European generation for sure recalls one of the biggest musical festivals – Open’er Festival. Stars like: Red Hot Chili Peppers, Depeche Mode, Pearl Jam, Rihanna, Coldplay or Radiohead played there. Gdynia is also the capital of Polish film business. Every September, all famous Polish film stars come to Gdynia for the Polish Film Festival. There are also Film Centre and the Film School in Gdynia. Close by there is a Musical Theatre with the name of Danuta Baduszkowa, famous from the most spectacular musicals.

Moby on Opener, fot.

If We want to admire this sea city, the port, the shipyard, the beach and the sea boulevard take a funicular to the Stone Hill. There is a picturesque city panorama from there. Those who prefer a stroll along the beach, inhaling fresh, sea air, we recommend going to Orlowo. Walking down the Orlowo pier it is worth entering the nearby Tawerna to try fresh fish and climb up the cliff, from where there is a view to the Baltic Bay, Sopot and Gdansk.

Scientists claim that the Orłowo Cliff is a meeting place of the sea and the high moraine with the high shore erosion processes occurring, which creates a very steep shore, referred to as a cliff shore.  All this is true but it does not reflect the outstanding beauty of this area of the Gdańsk Bay shore.

In northern Gdynia, near its boundary with Sopot, there is the Orłowo district. Next to it there are the forests of Kępa Redłowska. Kępa, being a fragment of the moraine hills cut off from the rest of the moraines by the valleys of water streams, is a special place for at least two reasons. First, it is covered by thick, natural forest located almost in the very centre of a big urban agglomeration; and second, for over 60 years a natural reserve has been located there which protects the natural woods and the specific flora sustained there from ancient times. The forest meeting the sea creates a cliff which is beaten by the sea wavesl and being very steep and constantly washed by waters, it keeps moving back against the power of the sea. The ravine going back becomes more and more steep as it gets close to the highest part of the hill. So year by year the Orłowo cliff becomes more and more monumental.

The beauty of this place was noticed at least two hundred years ago in the first guidebooks on the region which compared it to the famous cliffs of Rugen and even the southern shores of England. In these times there was an inn at today's Orłowo belonging to an Adler whose name means "eagle". He called his inn "Adlerhorst", i.e. "the eagle's nest", this gave the name to the district of Gdynia, Orłowo (Orzel meaning an eagle in Polish)
This beautiful fragment of the Gdynia shore stretching for over six hundred metres is a very popular place for walks. It is located only two kilometres from the centre of Gdynia. The place is even more attractive, as the cliff can be admired from a two hundred-metre-long pier.