Opened and modern, marked by the history. Welcome to Gdansk.

Despite the fact, the city is over one thousand years old, it impresses with modernity. Proud from its incredibly rich history, opened to the world and the future. With the view to the Baltic Sea, Motlawa River, Tricity Landscape Park. With the Westerplatte Peninsula, where WWII began, September 1 1939, the former Gdansk Shipyard areas  and the historical gate no 2, the Gradowa Hill and the Vistulamouth Fortress, with its history form Napoleon times. Gdansk – the city at Motlawa River. A fantastic place to live, work and progress. The biggest city in the Northern part of Poland and one of its kind in the world.

Situated at the Baltic Bay, with the access to sandy beaches, which in Springs and Summers are full of life. Surrounded by picturesque forests of the Tricity Landscape Park and the close vicinity of Kashuby region. Gdansk is one of the most interesting cities on the map of Poland. It fascinates not only with the landscape but  with the history too.. This is here, where starting from the Golden Gate to the Green Gate, Polish kings walked and greeted the citizens. This is here, where on the Long Market stands the Arthur’s Court and the Neptune Fountain – symbols of Gdansk.

There are more of those symbols. One of them I also, situated at the Long Embankment, the Crane, the biggest and the oldest, preserved port cranes from medieval Europe, a construction which from XV c. gave a dynamic growth to the port of Gdansk.

Gdansk is the city where famous astronomer, John Hewelius was born, the great physician, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit and the philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer. This is the place, where Polish soldiers from Westerplatte bravery defended the state, when Schleswig-Holstein, the III Reich battle ship in 1939 attacked Polish Military Transit Depot, and started WWII. This is the place, where at Gdansk Shipyard, in 1980 workers started famous straik which triggered slow stream of changes in Poland and Central – Eastern part of Poland.

Europejskie Centrum Solidarności w Gdańsku

The European Solidarity Centre, Fot. Pomorskie.Travel

The most interesting attractions in Gdansk

Today, Gdansk is described as the city of freedom and Solidarity. About the history of the trade unions, called “Solidarity”, we can learn more about visiting the unique in the international scale European Solidarity Centre. Extremely original when architecture is concerned (in a shape of a ship), shows the exhibition about the Solidarity movement and is a place of many cultural events.

Lech Walesa, the first leader of the trade unions, “Solidarity”, the former President of Poland and the laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize, has his office here as well.

From the European Solidarity Centre, situated in the former shipyard areas it is not far to the WWII Museum. This is the newest and the most modern museum in the city, built in a big scale. It tells the story about the war in a wide international context.

Gdansk is also a fine place, not only for history lovers, but also for the ones, Who like astronomy and general science. There is Hewelianum Centre situated in a former napoleon’s fort. In one of Gdansk district, called Wrzeszcz, there is a monumental building of Gdansk Technical University, one on the best technical school in Poland.

Talking about Gdansk, we cannot forget about the parks – beautiful and cameral Orunia Park and the unique and vary popular park in Oliwa, which is situated few steps from the XIV c. Cathedral.

The Gdansk Shakespeare Theatre, Fot. Dawid Linkowski

Those are just few, the most characteristic places on the map of this over half million city. Gdansk is the city that all the times develops, where new objects of culture appear, like the Shakespeare Theatre, sport objects (the football stadium in Letnica, which has an amber shape), as well as new and modern infrastructure objects – for example: the port and the container terminal, the airport, which in becoming one of the most important airport around the Baltic states.

Gdansk is a modern city which attracts young people and with its history and tradition elder generations. Gdansk is a city which joins. 

 

Check attractions and points of interest in the vicinity of Gdansk in Sopot or Gdynia.

"The Last Judgment". The most valuable image in Gdansk

The famous triptych "The Last Judgment" by Hans Memling is the most valuable painting work in Pomorskie. Available to visitors, at the National Museum in Gdansk makes a staggering impression.

"The Last Judgment" is a work that was never to be sent to Gdansk. The image was found here by accident as a result of a war. It was painted on a board, and Hans Memling used a mixed, tempera-oil technique to create it. Interestingly, it wasn't until the 17th century that it was revealed that the author of the work was Hans Memling. Earlier, the authorship of the image was attributed to the van Eyck brothers. What is the history of the famous triptych?

"Only God can judge Me…"

"The Last Judgment" is a multidimensional work that unusually vividly depicts the ideas of what will happen to man on the day he stands before God. The original painting can be found today in the branch of the National Museum in Gdansk, where you can contemplate the work of Hans Memling in silence and concentration. On the central panel, the artist placed the figure of Jesus Christ, who sits seriously on a rainbow, and his feet are placed on a golden ball. He is accompanied by the apostles, Mary and John the Baptist. Four angels hover over the central figure, while Archangel Michael, dressed in armour, separates the damned from the blessed. Sinners go to the depths of hell, where devils greet them, and the blessed go to beautiful and desired paradise.

This, of course, is a description of the picture in brief, because there are plenty of characters and meanings hidden here. More than one scientific work has been written about the Last Judgment. Every day at the National Museum you can meet researchers, students and pupils who are staring at an outstanding medieval work.

From Bruges, not to Florence, but to Gdansk

Great works arise in pain. In the case of the "Last Judgment", however, one can speak not only of the difficult process of creation, but also of the difficult path that the image had to follow in order to eventually hit it not where it was originally intended. The painting was created in the years 1467-71 in the Netherlands, and more specifically in Bruges (today's Belgium). It was commissioned by the Italian banker from the painter Hans Memling, who - in his generosity - wanted to fund the work and put it in the ancestral chapel of San Michele in the church of San Bartolomeo in Badia Fiesolana near Florence.

The powerful triptych was painted for four years, until finally in 1473 it was to be transported by sea from the Netherlands to Italy. The work was placed on the San Matteo galley, blessed before the cruise and sent to southern Europe. Only that the work never reached its destination. In the English Channel, naval battles were fought between England and the Hanseatic League, to which Gdansk belonged. The famous privateer Paweł Beneke on board of a ship “Peter from Gdansk” did not spare anyone. When he found out what loot San Matteo was carrying, he decided to intercept them. After a fierce battle at the mouth of the Thames, the Gdansk privateer and his crew could enjoy exceptional achievements, including the triptych of Hans Memling. The spoils were divided and the painting was sent to Gdansk. It was displayed in St. Mary's Basilica. The later fate of the painting was no less stormy. During the Napoleonic times, the triptych was taken to the Louvre Museum in Paris, and after the fall of Napoleon it went to Berlin and again back to Gdansk. The times of World War II were the "shifting" images again between the Third Reich and the Red Army. Finally, in 1958, the painting again came to Gdansk. Today, it is in the resources of the National Museum, sitting quietly on a bench, you can stare at its subsequent parts ...